Identification of moisture-induced stresses in cross-laminated wood panels from beech wood (Fagus sylvatica L.)

Gereke, Thomas; Schnider, Thomas; Hurst, Andreas; Niemz, Peter (2009). Identification of moisture-induced stresses in cross-laminated wood panels from beech wood (Fagus sylvatica L.) Wood Science and Technology, 43(3-4), pp. 301-315. Springer Nature 10.1007/s00226-008-0218-1

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The crosswise bonding of the layers in laminated solid wood panels results in internal stresses when the humidity varies. The layers hinder one another as a result of the anisotropy of wood. The purpose of this study was to determine the internal stress state in free and constrained swelling. The expansion properties in the three panel directions were measured. Furthermore, the swelling of samples was constrained while the resulting forces were recorded. Hygroscopic warping experiments were carried out inducing a climate gradient within the panels. Afterwards the stresses were calculated from released deformations and non-destructive measurements of the Young's modulus. The materials used were untreated and heat-treated beech wood, the latter modified in two levels. In addition to homogenously structured panels, treated top layers were combined with an untreated middle layer. Swelling, swelling pressure, warping and internal stresses considerably decreased from untreated to treated wood. If layers from treated and untreated material were combined, stresses and deformations increased as compared to the variants produced only from treated wood. It was concluded that the lower equilibrium moisture content of heat-treated beech wood improves its dimensional stability, which results in smaller deformation differences between the layers. Hence, the stresses were less distinctive.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering
Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Institute for Materials and Wood Technology
BFH Centres > BFH Centre for Wood - Resource and Material


Gereke, Thomas;
Schnider, Thomas;
Hurst, Andreas and
Niemz, Peter


Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery




Springer Nature




Christelle Ganne-Chédeville

Date Deposited:

14 Apr 2020 16:15

Last Modified:

14 Apr 2020 16:15

Publisher DOI:



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