Structural beams from thick wood panels bonded industrially with formaldehyde-free tannin adhesives

Pichelin, Frédéric; Nakatani, M.; Pizzi, A.; Wieland, S.; Despres, A.; Rigolet, S. (2006). Structural beams from thick wood panels bonded industrially with formaldehyde-free tannin adhesives Forest Products Journal, 56(5), pp. 31-36.

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Mimosa tannin hardened with hexamine at pH 10 has shown both at the laboratory and industrial level to be a formaldehyde-free system, within the limits of sensitivity of the method of Japanese standard JIS A 5908. This useful effect is based on the double mechanism of slow hexamine decomposition to reactive imino-amino methylene bases and their immediately subsequent very rapid reaction with the tannin. Decomposition to formaldehyde can never be reached under the conditions used. This yielded a long ambient temperature pot-life coupled with the fast hardening of the adhesive and fast pressing times of the thick panels by introducing a two-step steam-injection sequence during panel pressing. No formaldehyde emission was found in the panels bonded with such an adhesive system once tested according to the relevant Japanese standard. No free formaldehyde was detected by solid state 13C NMR, nor residual hexamine, in the hardened tannin-hexamine adhesive, although these spectra have to be taken with caution due to the usual peak enlargement and relative lack of sensitivity in solid state NMR spectra. The reactions involved were explained by 13C NMR. The panels obtained satisfied the relevant Japanese standard specification for both internal bond strength and formaldehyde emission.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

BFH Zentren > BFH Zentrum Holz - Ressource und Werkstoff
Department of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering
Department of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Bereich Forschung & Entwicklung, Dienstleistungen und Weiterbildung
Department of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Bereich Forschung & Entwicklung, Dienstleistungen und Weiterbildung > Institut für Werkstoffe und Holztechnologie

Name:

Pichelin, Frédéric; Nakatani, M.; Pizzi, A.; Wieland, S.; Despres, A. and Rigolet, S.

Subjects:

Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology

ISSN:

0015-7473

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sally Haddad

Date Deposited:

12 May 2020 11:16

Last Modified:

12 May 2020 11:16

Related URLs:

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/11508

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