Carmen’s second chance: revival in Vienna

Moeckli, Laura (2020). Carmen’s second chance: revival in Vienna In: Langham Smith, Richard; Rowden, Clair (eds.) Carmen Abroad (pp. 26-44). Cambridge University Press 10.1017/9781108674515.002

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The international fate of the archetypal Parisian and ‘southern’ opera Carmen was significantly influenced by a German translation first performed on 23 October 1875 in Vienna. Already before Bizet’s untimely death on 3 June of the same year, Franz Jauner, the newly appointed director of the Vienna Court Opera, had commissioned an adapted version of the opera for the Viennese stage. This first revival was subsequently performed 476 times at the Court Opera between 1875 and 1932, with several generations of performers spanning the decades. Today it is easy to forget, that the German translation of Carmen by Julius Hopp played a central role in the work’s subsequent reputation and diffusion, providing reference points for generations of critics and spectators throughout and beyond the German-speaking regions. This chapter looks at Carmen in transition between Paris and Vienna, between the Opéra-Comique and the Court Opera, discussing some of the discourses and materials involved in this transfer. It also considers how the Germanic Carmen moved within Vienna and beyond, crossing both urban and transnational borders in the first decades of its reception history beyond Paris. Keywords Vienna Austro-Hungaria Franz Jauner Julius Hopp Bertha Ehnn Pauline Lucca Franz Naval Marie Gutheil-Schoder Anton Brioschi Franz Xaver Gaul

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)


Bern Academy of the Arts
Bern Academy of the Arts > Institute Interpretation


Moeckli, Laura;
Langham Smith, Richard and
Rowden, Clair


M Music and Books on Music > M Music
M Music and Books on Music > ML Literature of music
M Music and Books on Music > MT Musical instruction and study




Cambridge University Press




Laura Moeckli

Date Deposited:

28 Feb 2020 09:57

Last Modified:

24 Mar 2021 09:20

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Additional Information:

Book description: From the 'old world' to the 'new' and back again, this transnational history of the performance and reception of Bizet's Carmen – whose subject has become a modern myth and its heroine a symbol – provides new understanding of the opera's enduring yet ever-evolving and resituated presence and popularity. This book examines three stages of cultural transfer: the opera's establishment in the repertoire; its performance, translation, adaptation and appropriation in Europe, the Americas and Australia; its cultural 'work' in Soviet Russia, in Japan in the era of Westernisation, in southern, regionalist France and in Carmen's 'homeland', Spain. As the volume reveals the ways in which Bizet's opera swiftly travelled the globe from its Parisian premiere, readers will understand how the story, the music, the staging and the singers appealed to audiences in diverse geographical, artistic and political contexts.

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Music, Opera, Nineteenth-Century Music


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