Taking stock of carbon along a land-use gradient in the Highlands of Java, Indonesia

van der Poel, Joep; Vaca Sanchez, Sara Andrea; Mentler, Axel; Keiblinger, Katharina; Suryatmojo, Hatma; Banyu Risang Hobo, Kristin; Situmorang, Lidia; Ngadisih, Ngadisih; Darmawanti, Rima; Rebernig, Reinhard; Zimmermann, Hermine; Gardi, Oliver; Norgrove, Lindsey (18 September 2019). Taking stock of carbon along a land-use gradient in the Highlands of Java, Indonesia In: Tropentag 2019: Filling gaps and removing traps for sustainable resources management. Kassel, Germany. September 18-20, 2019.

Etaining or adding trees to cropping systems is widely assumed to increase carbon (C) stocks by building biomass, adding litter to soil, providing a stable microclimate, enhancing soil biological and physical properties and increasing temporal stability. Agroforestry may also provide landscape-level services such as watershed and biodiversity conservation and, on steep slopes in high rainfall areas, reduce the risk of soil erosion and landslides. Yet trees can compete with crops for space, nutrients and water and such trade-offs might be acute where population density is high, such as in Java Indonesia, where densities can exceed 900 km-2. We hypothesised that soil C stocks are higher in cropping systems where trees are included, and in abandoned tree regrowth. We selected two villages, Leksana and Penanggungan, in the Central Javan highlands (>1000 m a.s.l.). Here, maize, potatoes, vegetables and other crops are farmed on Nitisols, under a range of intensification scenarios, including or excluding trees. We compared cropped fields (i) with trees; (ii) without trees; (iii) without trees and with intensive pesticide and fertiliser use; and (iv) abandoned tree regrowth. On five fields of each type, we assessed tree vegetation (>2 cm diameter at breast height), soil C and bulk density (0-10 and 10-30 cm depths). Trees on cropped fields were commonly two nitrogen-fixers, the native Paraserianthes falcataria, averaging 270 stems ha-1 and the exotic Calliandra calothyrsus, combined with both native and exotic fruit and timber trees. Mean aboveground C in trees was 6.3 Mg C ha-1. In the abandoned regrowth, P. falcataria densities were lower (222 ha-1) while densities of C. calothyrsus exceeded 11,000 stems ha-1 and aboveground C stocks were 60.4 Mg C ha-1. Contrary to our hypothesis, soil C concentrations were high (5.1-7.9 % at 0-10 cm depth) and neither concentrations nor stocks were significantly different between any of the plot categories, ranging from 71–89 Mg C ha-1 to 30 cm depth. This indicates either that factors other than including trees have a stronger influence on soil C or more time is required to detect differences in such C-rich soils.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)

Division/Institute:

School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Multifunctional forest management
School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > HAFL Hugo P. Cecchini Institute

Name:

van der Poel, Joep;
Vaca Sanchez, Sara Andrea;
Mentler, Axel;
Keiblinger, Katharina;
Suryatmojo, Hatma;
Banyu Risang Hobo, Kristin;
Situmorang, Lidia;
Ngadisih, Ngadisih;
Darmawanti, Rima;
Rebernig, Reinhard;
Zimmermann, Hermine;
Gardi, Oliver and
Norgrove, Lindsey

Subjects:

Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lindsey Norgrove

Date Deposited:

10 Jan 2020 09:49

Last Modified:

22 Sep 2020 07:17

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/9992

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