Application potential of a carbocation scavenger in autohydrolysis and dilute acid pretreatment to overcome high softwood recalcitrance

Pielhop, Thomas; Reinhard, Claudio; Hecht, Christian; Del Bene, Luca; Studer, Michael Hans-Peter; Rudolf von Rohr, Philipp (2017). Application potential of a carbocation scavenger in autohydrolysis and dilute acid pretreatment to overcome high softwood recalcitrance Biomass and Bioenergy, 105, pp. 164-173. Elsevier 10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.07.005

[img] Text
main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

Both autohydrolysis and acidic pretreatments have already been commercialised to allow for the bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass to valuable products. Recent fundamental research has shown that the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass can be enhanced by the suppression of lignin repolymerisation. This work evaluates the application potential of a carbocation scavenger additive that prevents lignin repolymerisation for the autohydrolysis and acidic pretreatment of woody biomass. The results show that the enhancing effect of the scavenger is strongly dependent on the type of biomass. While it proved hardly beneficial in the pretreatment of hardwoods, the pretreatment of recalcitrant softwoods could be greatly enhanced. Softwood has an exceptionally high recalcitrance to biochemical conversion compared to other biomass types, though the reasons for this behaviour have hardly been understood so far. Our study revealed that lignin repolymerisation is a major factor accounting for the exceptional softwood recalcitrance. A sensitivity analysis of pretreatment temperature and time showed that the scavenger can enhance the enzymatic digestibility of softwood cellulose by up to 113% in autohydrolysis and up to 142% in dilute acid pretreatments. The scavenger proved effective for both softwood sawdust and wood chips. Its mode of action in pretreatment was shown to be particularly suitable for the implementation in two-stage pretreatments, which are of high commercial relevance.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences > Abteilung Agronomie

Name:

Pielhop, Thomas; Reinhard, Claudio; Hecht, Christian; Del Bene, Luca; Studer, Michael Hans-Peter and Rudolf von Rohr, Philipp

Subjects:

T Technology > T Technology (General)

ISSN:

09619534

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

David Zimmer

Date Deposited:

03 Sep 2019 08:47

Last Modified:

03 Sep 2019 08:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.07.005

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Pretreatment; Autohydrolysis; Lignocellulose; Softwood; Lignin; Enzymatic hydrolysis

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.8101

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/8101

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Provide Feedback