No-meat eaters are less likely to be overweight or obese, but take dietary supplements more often: results from the Swiss National Nutrition survey menuCH

Steinbach, Lydia; Rohrmann, Sabine; Kaelin, Ivo; Krieger, Jean-Philippe; Pestoni, Giulia; Herter-Aeberli, Isabel; Fäh, David; Sych, Janice (2020). No-meat eaters are less likely to be overweight or obese, but take dietary supplements more often: results from the Swiss National Nutrition survey menuCH Public Health Nutrition, pp. 1-10. Cambridge University Press 10.1017/S1368980020003079

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Objective: To describe and analyse the sociodemographic, anthropometric, behavioural and dietary characteristics of different types of Swiss (no-)meat eaters. Design: No-, low-, medium- and high-meat eaters were compared with respect to energy and total protein intake and sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioural characteristics. Setting: National Nutrition Survey menuCH, the first representative survey in Switzerland. Participants: 2057 participants, aged 18-75 years old, who completed two 24-h dietary recalls (24-HDR) and a questionnaire on dietary habits, sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. Body weight and height were measured by trained interviewers. No-meat eaters were participants who reported meat avoidance in the questionnaire and did not report any meat consumption in the 24-HDR. Remaining study participants were assigned to the group of low-, medium- or high-meat eaters based on energy contributions of total meat intake to total energy intake (meat:energy ratio). Fifteen percentage of the participants were assigned to the low- and high-meat eating groups, and the remaining to the medium-meat eating group. Results: Overall, 4·4 % of the study participants did not consume meat. Compared with medium-meat eaters, no-meat eaters were more likely to be single and users of dietary supplements. Women and high-educated individuals were less likely to be high-meat eaters, whereas overweight and obese individuals were more likely to be high-meat eaters. Total energy intake was similar between the four different meat consumption groups, but no-meat eaters had lowest total protein intake. Conclusions: This study identified important differences in sociodemographic, anthropometric, behavioural and dietary factors between menuCH participants with different meat-eating habits.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Health Professions
Health Professions > Nutrition and Dietetics

Name:

Steinbach, Lydia;
Rohrmann, Sabine;
Kaelin, Ivo;
Krieger, Jean-Philippe;
Pestoni, Giulia;
Herter-Aeberli, Isabel;
Fäh, David and
Sych, Janice

Subjects:

R Medicine > R Medicine (General)

ISSN:

1368-9800

Publisher:

Cambridge University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

David Fäh

Date Deposited:

09 Dec 2020 11:03

Last Modified:

16 Dec 2020 15:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1017/S1368980020003079

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.13677

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/13677

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