Development and evaluation of a weighing system for forestry cranes based on artificial neural networks

Geiger, Chris; Greff, Daniel; Starke, Michael; Geimer, Marcus (2019). Development and evaluation of a weighing system for forestry cranes based on artificial neural networks Landtechnik, 74(5), pp. 102-117. Landwirtschaftsverlag 10.15150/lt.2019.3213

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In both log and chip logistics, important reference data for logistic purposes are often lacking, as they are usually completed with insufficiently accurate estimates. In order to obtain higher quality information on the moving timber quantities, optional crane scales can be mounted between the telescope and the grapple of the forwarder. However, this has a negative effect on the crane kinematics and manoeuvrability while at the same time machine productivity is reduced due to an interruption in the loading process necessary for measurement. In this paper, a data-based method is presented which allows dynamic weighing in a continuous loading process for modern forestry cranes without the need to install an additional hardware component on the machine. This allows a cost-effective and comprehensive application. In the course of this method, a loading cycle is automatically detected, and the loaded mass is estimated by means of an artificial neural network (ANN). Signals from sensors installed as standard on modern forwarders serve as input variables. The Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) architecture for the neural network has proven itself for handling these time-based sensor data. Based on LSTM cells, an appropriate network was designed, trained and subsequently optimized. The test shows an average full-scale error of 1.5% per 1,000 kg for a single loading cycle. For a fully loaded forwarder, this results in a total mass error of less than 1.2%.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Multifunctional forest management

Name:

Geiger, Chris;
Greff, Daniel;
Starke, Michael and
Geimer, Marcus

Subjects:

S Agriculture > SD Forestry
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery

Publisher:

Landwirtschaftsverlag

Language:

German

Submitter:

Michael Starke

Date Deposited:

09 Jan 2020 12:41

Last Modified:

09 Jan 2020 12:41

Publisher DOI:

10.15150/lt.2019.3213

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Künstliche neuronale Netze, Kranwaage, Forstmaschinen, Forwarder

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.10012

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/10012

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