Wood welding: Chemical and physical changes according to the welding time

Ganne-Chédeville, Christelle; Properzi, M.; Leban, J M; Pizzi, A.; Pichelin, Frédéric (2008). Wood welding: Chemical and physical changes according to the welding time Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 22(Februa), pp. 761-773. Taylor & Francis Group 10.1163/156856108x295392

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Wood welding using linear friction is a technique that has been developed in the past five years. The goal of this study was to analyze the microstructure development in the interphase enabling the wood-to-wood adhesion without any adhesive. Chemical and physical analyses have been carried out using infrared ther- mography, mechanical shear tests, transmitted light microscopy and X-ray densitometry. They have been considered as efficient to qualify the characteristics of the welded joints. The aim of this paper is to present a study using these analysis methods to observe the physical modifications of the wood in the interphase according to the welding time. The welding process of beech wood (Fagus sylvatia) with a welding time between 0 and 11 s could be divided into three different phases. The first phase describes changes in the physical and chemical characteristics of the wood. Densification and anatomical modifications occur in this phase. The second phase represents stabilization of the welded joint. The last phase of the cycle is a condi- tioning phase. All phases are controlled by the heat spread in the interphase and the time of heat exposure. Various parameters such as welding time, shear strength, temperature and width of the welded joint have been correlated and a hypothesis on the chemical reactions occurring in the interphase has been put forth. This study allowed discovering a window of parameters in which the quality of the welded joint is quite stable. Improving the quality of manufactured welded wood products without adhesive can now be done more easily due to this method.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering
Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Institute for Materials and Wood Technology
BFH Centres > BFH Centre for Wood - Resource and Material

Name:

Ganne-Chédeville, Christelle;
Properzi, M.;
Leban, J M;
Pizzi, A. and
Pichelin, Frédéric

Subjects:

Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery

ISSN:

0169-4243

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christelle Ganne-Chédeville

Date Deposited:

17 Dec 2019 10:34

Last Modified:

17 Dec 2019 10:34

Publisher DOI:

10.1163/156856108x295392

Uncontrolled Keywords:

INFRARED THERMOGRAPHY,LINEAR FRICTION WELDING PARAMETERS,THERMAL MODIFICATION OF WOOD,WOOD BONDING,WOOD WELDING

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.9459

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/9459

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