Nutrient intake of Swiss toddlers

Brunner, Thomas; Casetti, Luca; Haueter, Petra; Müller, Pascal; Nydegger, Andreas; Spalinger, Johannes (2018). Nutrient intake of Swiss toddlers European Journal of Nutrition, 57(7), pp. 2489-2499. Springer Medizin 10.1007/s00394-017-1521-0

Brunner2018_Article_NutrientIntakeOfSwissToddlers.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright (National Licenses).

Download (896kB) | Preview

Purpose During the first years of life, food preferences are shaped that might last throughout a person’s entire life affecting his/her health in the long term. However, knowledge on early feeding habits is still limited for toddlers. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to: (1) assess toddlers’ nutrient intake; (2) compare the findings to past studies as well as to national feeding recommendations and (3) identify major food sources for energy and macronutrients. Methods A food survey using a 4-day diary was conducted. The dietary software nut.s® was used to analyse the data. Results A cohort of 188 healthy toddlers (aged 1–3 years) was analysed. The energy intake of most toddlers was below the recommended daily intake (RDI) but in accordance with earlier studies. Protein intake was three- to fourfold higher than the RDI and reached the proposed upper limit of 15% of total energy intake. Fat intake was in accordance with the RDI, but the balance of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids should be improved. Carbohydrate intake met the RDI. For the micronutrients, iron and vitamin D intakes showed critical values. Conclusion As in other European countries, the diet of Swiss toddlers in general seems adequate but does not meet all nutritional requirements. In particular, the quality of the fats and vitamin D supplementation should be improved. For proteins and iron, additional research is needed to gain more confidence in the recommendations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Consumer-focused Food Production


Brunner, Thomas0000-0002-6770-6548;
Casetti, Luca;
Haueter, Petra;
Müller, Pascal;
Nydegger, Andreas and
Spalinger, Johannes


H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)




Springer Medizin




Simon Lutz

Date Deposited:

10 Dec 2019 10:29

Last Modified:

16 Aug 2023 11:06

Publisher DOI:





Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Provide Feedback