Genetic and genomic analysis of hyperthelia in Brown Swiss cattle

Butty, Adrien M.; Frischknecht, Mirjam; Gredler, Birgit; Neuenschwander, Stefan; Moll, Jürg; Bieber, Anna; Baes, Christine F.; Seefried, Franz R. (2017). Genetic and genomic analysis of hyperthelia in Brown Swiss cattle Journal of Dairy Science, 100(1), pp. 402-411. Elsevier 10.3168/jds.2016-11420

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Supernumerary teats (SNT) are any abnormal teats found on a calf in addition to the usual and functional 4 teats. The presence of SNT has also been termed "hyperthelia" since the end of the 19th century. Supernumerary teats can act as an incubator for bacteria, infecting the whole udder, and can interfere with the positioning of the milking machine, and consequently, have economic relevance. Different types of SNT are observed at different positions on the udder. Caudal teats are in the rear, ramal teats are attached to another teat, and intercalary teats are found between 2 regular teats. Not all teats are equally developed; some are completely functional but most are rudimentary and not attached to any mammary gland tissue. Recently, different studies showed the poly/oligogenic character of these malformations in cattle as well as in other mammalian species. The objective of this study was to analyze the genetic architecture and incidence of hyperthelia in Swiss Brown Swiss cattle using both traditional genetic evaluation as well as imputed whole genome sequence variant information. First, phenotypes collected over the last 20 yr were used together with pedigree information for estimation of genetic variance. Second, breeding values of Brown Swiss bulls were estimated applying the BLUP algorithm. The BLUP-EBV were deregressed and used as phenotypes in genome-wide association studies. The gene LGR5 on chromosome 5 was identified as a candidate for the presence of SNT. Using alternative trait coding, genomic regions on chromosome 17 and 20 were also identified as being involved in the development of SNT with their own supernumerary mammary gland tissue. Implementing knowledge gained in this study as a routine application allows a more accurate evaluation of the trait and reduction of SNT prevalence in the Swiss Brown Swiss cattle population.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences > Abteilung Agronomie

Name:

Butty, Adrien M.; Frischknecht, Mirjam; Gredler, Birgit; Neuenschwander, Stefan; Moll, Jürg; Bieber, Anna; Baes, Christine F. and Seefried, Franz R.

Subjects:

Q Science > QL Zoology
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture

ISSN:

00220302

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Simon Lutz

Date Deposited:

29 Oct 2019 13:45

Last Modified:

29 Oct 2019 13:45

Publisher DOI:

10.3168/jds.2016-11420

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.8486

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/8486

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