Timing of extreme drought modifies reproductive output in semi-natural grassland

Zeiter, Michaela; Schärrer, Sara; Zweifel, Roman; Newbery, David M.; Stampfli, Andreas (2016). Timing of extreme drought modifies reproductive output in semi-natural grassland Journal of Vegetation Science, 27(2), pp. 238-248. John Wiley & Sons 10.1111/jvs.12362

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Questions Do extreme dry spells in late summer or in spring affect abundance and species composition of the reproductive shoots and the seed rain in the next annual crop? Are drought effects on reproductive shoots related to the rooting depths of species? Location Species‐rich semi‐natural grassland at Negrentino, Switzerland. Methods In plots under automated rain‐out shelters, rainwater was added to simulate normal conditions and compare them with two experimentally effected long dry spells, in late summer (2004) and in the following spring (2005). For 28 plots, numbers of reproductive shoots per species were counted in 1‐m2 areas and seed rain was estimated using nine sticky traps of 102 cm2 after dry spells. Results The two extreme dry spells in late summer and spring were similar in length and their probability of recurrence. They independently reduced the subsequent reproductive output of the community, while their seasonal timing modified its species composition. Compared to drought in spring, drought in late summer reduced soil moisture more and reduced the number of reproductive shoots of more species. The negative effects of summer drought decreased with species’ rooting depth. The shallow‐rooted graminoids showed a consistent susceptibility to summer drought, while legumes and other forbs showed more varied responses to both droughts. Spring drought strongly reduced density (–53%) and species richness (–43%) of the community seed rain, while summer drought had only a marginally significant impact on seed density of graminoids (–44%). Reductions in seed number per shoot vs reproductive shoot density distinguished the impacts of drought with respect to its seasonal timing. Conclusion The essentially negative impact of drought in different seasons on reproductive output suggests that more frequent dry spells could contribute to local plant diversity loss by aggravating seed deficiency in species‐rich grassland.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Resource-efficient agricultural production systems

Name:

Zeiter, Michaela;
Schärrer, Sara;
Zweifel, Roman;
Newbery, David M. and
Stampfli, Andreas

Subjects:

S Agriculture > SB Plant culture

ISSN:

11009233

Publisher:

John Wiley & Sons

Language:

English

Submitter:

Simon Lutz

Date Deposited:

17 Dec 2019 11:51

Last Modified:

30 Jun 2020 13:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jvs.12362

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.8435

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/8435

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