Modeling bio-engineering traits of Jatropha curcas L.

Giadrossich, Filippo; Cohen, Denis; Schwarz, Massimiliano; Seddaiu, Giovanna; Contran, Nicla; Lubino, Marcello; Valdés-Rodríguez, Ofelia Andrea; Niedda, Marcello (2016). Modeling bio-engineering traits of Jatropha curcas L. Ecological Engineering, 89, pp. 40-48. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.01.005

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The wide distribution of Jatropha curcas L. in tropical areas provides the opportunity to use this plant for improving slope stability and controlling erosion. To determine the effectiveness of Jatropha curcas L. as a bio-engineering plant we measured stem diameter and height of 1, 3, 5, 6, 18, and 36 month-old plants, and root distribution at 6, 18, and 36 months by full excavation of the root system. We also measured in the laboratory the elastic modulus and maximum tensile force of 50 roots. These data were used to calibrate a weighted log-likelihood root distribution model and a root reinforcement model. Models were coupled to estimate root reinforcement at stand scale over a three year period as a function of the plantation's tree density. Our results of root distribution indicate a rapid decrease of root diameter along the root length leading to rapidly decreasing root reinforcement with distance from the stem. Minimal root reinforcements at 0.5 m from the stem is about 1 and 11 kPa for 18 and 36-month old plants, respectively. At 1 m from the stem only 36-month old plants provide any significant root reinforcement. Despite its relatively low root reinforcement relative to other larger tree species Jatropha curcas L. is a suitable bio-engineering plant because it easily propagates, grows fast, and is resilient. Root reinforcement in the first stage of growth needs high density plantation of up to 40,000 plants per hectare. This should then be followed by thinning down to 10,000 plants per hectare to optimize root reinforcement at 3 years age.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Multifunctional forest management

Name:

Giadrossich, Filippo;
Cohen, Denis;
Schwarz, Massimiliano;
Seddaiu, Giovanna;
Contran, Nicla;
Lubino, Marcello;
Valdés-Rodríguez, Ofelia Andrea and
Niedda, Marcello

Subjects:

S Agriculture > SD Forestry
T Technology > T Technology (General)

ISSN:

09258574

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

David Zimmer

Date Deposited:

04 Nov 2019 14:33

Last Modified:

04 Nov 2019 14:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.01.005

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Root reinforcement; Root distribution; Root tensile force; Root Bundle Model; Hypsometric curve; Tree planting density

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.8243

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/8243

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