A Novel DEM Approach to Simulate Block Propagation on Forested Slopes

Toe, David; Bourrier, Franck; Dorren, Luuk; Berger, Frédéric (2018). A Novel DEM Approach to Simulate Block Propagation on Forested Slopes Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 51(3), pp. 811-825. Springer 10.1007/s00603-017-1348-2

[img] Text
10.1007_s00603-017-1348-2.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (3MB) | Request a copy

In order to model rockfall on forested slopes, we developed a trajectory rockfall model based on the discrete element method (DEM). This model is able to take the complex mechanical processes at work during an impact into account (large deformations, complex contact conditions) and can explicitly simulate block/soil, block/tree contacts as well as contacts between neighbouring trees. In this paper, we describe the DEM model developed and we use it to assess the protective effect of different types of forest. In addition, we compared it with a more classical rockfall simulation model. The results highlight that forests can significantly reduce rockfall hazard and that the spatial structure of coppice forests has to be taken into account in rockfall simulations in order to avoid overestimating the protective role of these forest structures against rockfall hazard. In addition, the protective role of the forests is mainly influenced by the basal area. Finally, the advantages and limitations of the DEM model were compared with classical rockfall modelling approaches.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Multifunctional forest management

Name:

Toe, David;
Bourrier, Franck;
Dorren, Luuk and
Berger, Frédéric

Subjects:

G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
S Agriculture > SD Forestry

ISSN:

0723-2632

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

David Zimmer

Date Deposited:

03 Sep 2019 10:18

Last Modified:

03 Sep 2019 10:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00603-017-1348-2

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Rockfall; Impact; DEM; Slope; Tree

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.8103

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/8103

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Provide Feedback