Osmolality, pH, and titratable acidity of sports drinks on the Swiss market

Mettler, Samuel; Weibel, E. (2018). Osmolality, pH, and titratable acidity of sports drinks on the Swiss market Swiss Sports & Exercise Medicine, 66(4), pp. 56-63. Rub Media

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The regular consumption of acidic drinks can erode dental enamel and promote caries. As many sports drinks on the market feature critically low pH values, it is possible that athletes with regular sports drink consumption harm their oral health. As neither pH nor osmolality values must be labeled on products, it is difficult for athletes to make informed choices. We screened the Swiss market for sports drinks and gels for domestic and international brands and products and analyzed products for their pH, titratable acidity, and osmolality. For all analyzed parameters, the results varied widely. We identified several products with a neutral pH and or low titratable acidity. On the other hand, there are still many products on the market with a critically low pH and significant titratable acid content. Acidity was not only variable between different products, but also between different flavors of the same product. Osmolality also featured significant variability, with some products showing dedicated hypotonic osmolality and a few products exceeding 300 mosmol/kg. Overall, osmolality values have clearly dropped since our last market screening in 2006. Today, athletes can choose from a variety of products with low acidity and optimized osmolality. Athletes who prefer drinks with a high dental erosive potential should consider a special focus on dental hygiene and health. Keywords: Sports nutrition, gel, carbohydrates, oral health, dental erosion, caries

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Health Professions


Mettler, Samuel and
Weibel, E.




Rub Media




Service Account

Date Deposited:

29 Oct 2019 10:34

Last Modified:

22 Jun 2022 10:57

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