Effect of foot progression angle adjustment on the knee adduction moment and knee joint contact force in runners with and without knee osteoarthritis

Fong, I. C. D.; Li, W. S. C.; Tai, W. K. J.; Tsang, T. W. R.; Zhang, J. H.; Chen, T. L. W.; Baur, H.; Eichelberger, P.; Cheung, R. T. H. (2018). Effect of foot progression angle adjustment on the knee adduction moment and knee joint contact force in runners with and without knee osteoarthritis Gait Posture, 61, pp. 34-39. Elsevier 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.12.029

[img] Text
Effect of foot progression angle adjustment on the knee adduction moment and knee joint contact force in runners with and without knee osteoarthritis.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (406kB) | Request a copy

Background Knee adduction moment (KAM) is often used as a surrogate marker of knee contact force (KCF) during walking. Previous studies have reported potential benefits to reduce KAM in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) by foot progression angle adjustment. However, KAM is an external moment and it does not consider any muscle contribution to the joint loading, which should pose a greater influence in running than walking. Research question This study used a computational model to compare KAM and KCF between runners with and without knee OA during running. In addition, we evaluated the KAM and KCF when runners adjusted to an out-toe running style. Methods Kinematic, kinetic, and lower limb EMG data were collected from 9 runners with knee OA and 10 healthy counterparts. They were asked to run at their usual speed with standard shoes on an instrumented treadmill. Results We found no significant difference in the KAM during running between OA and the healthy group (p > 0.376). However, runners with knee OA exhibited a greater total KCF than the healthy counterparts (p < 0.041). We did not observe any reduction in KAM after foot progression angle adjustment (p > 0.346). Surprisingly, an increase in the longitudinal KCF and total KCF were found with adjustment of foot progression angle (p < 0.046). Significance Unlike the findings reported by the previous walking trials, our findings do not support the notion that foot progression angle adjustment would lead to a lower joint loading during running. Keywords Out-toe gait ; Joint loading ; Running ; EMG ; Musculoskeletal modelling

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Health Professions
School of Health Professions > Physiotherapy
School of Health Professions > Physiotherapy > Foot Biomechanics and Technology

Name:

Fong, I. C. D.;
Li, W. S. C.;
Tai, W. K. J.;
Tsang, T. W. R.;
Zhang, J. H.;
Chen, T. L. W.;
Baur, H.;
Eichelberger, P. and
Cheung, R. T. H.

ISSN:

0966-6362

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

29 Oct 2019 11:44

Last Modified:

28 May 2021 09:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.12.029

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.6765

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/6765

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Provide Feedback