Time Pressure, Time Autonomy, and Sickness Absenteeism in Hospital Employees: A Longitudinal Study on Organizational Absenteeism Records

Kottowitz, Maria U.; Schade, Volker; Burger, Christian; Radlinger, Lorenz; Elfering, Achim (2018). Time Pressure, Time Autonomy, and Sickness Absenteeism in Hospital Employees: A Longitudinal Study on Organizational Absenteeism Records Safety and Health at Work, 9(1), pp. 109-114. Elsevier 10.1016/j.shaw.2017.06.013

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Background Although work absenteeism is in the focus of occupational health, longitudinal studies on organizational absenteeism records in hospital work are lacking. This longitudinal study tests time pressure and lack of time autonomy to be related to higher sickness absenteeism. Methods Data was collected for 180 employees (45% nurses) of a Swiss hospital at baseline and at follow-up after 1 year. Absent times (hours per month) were received from the human resources department of the hospital. One-year follow-up of organizational absenteeism records were regressed on self-reported job satisfaction, time pressure, and time autonomy (i.e., control) at baseline. Results A multivariate regression showed significant prediction of absenteeism by time pressure at baseline and time autonomy, indicating that a stress process is involved in some sickness absenteeism behavior. Job satisfaction and the interaction of time pressure and time autonomy did not predict sickness absenteeism. Conclusion Results confirmed time pressure and time autonomy as limiting factors in healthcare and a key target in work redesign. Keywords healthcare ; occupational health ; time autonomy ; work absenteeism ; work stress

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Department of Health Professions
Department of Health Professions > Abteilung Physiotherapie

Name:

Kottowitz, Maria U.; Schade, Volker; Burger, Christian; Radlinger, Lorenz and Elfering, Achim

ISSN:

2093-7911

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

29 Oct 2019 11:39

Last Modified:

29 Oct 2019 11:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.shaw.2017.06.013

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.6753

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/6753

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