Patient-related complexity in nursing care – Collective case studies in the acute care hospital

Gurtner, Caroline; Spirig, Rebecca; Staudacher, Diana; Huber, Evelyn (2018). Patient-related complexity in nursing care – Collective case studies in the acute care hospital Pflege, 31(5), pp. 237-244. Hogrefe 10.1024/1012-5302/a000626

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Background: Patient-related complexity of nursing is defined by the three characteristics “instability”, “uncertainty”, and “variability”. Complexity increased in the past years, due to reduced hospital length of stay and a growing number of patients with chronic and multiple diseases. Aim: We investigated the phenomenon of patient-related complexity from the point of view of nurses and clinical nurse specialists in an acute care hospital. Methods: In the context of a collective case study design, nurses and clinical nurse specialists assessed the complexity of nursing situations with a questionnaire. Subsequently, we interviewed nurses and clinical nurse specialists about their evaluation of patient-related complexity. In a within-case-analysis we summarized data inductively to create case narratives. By means of a cross-case-analysis we compared the cases with regard to deductively derived characteristics. Results: The four cases exemplarily showed that the degree of complexity depends on the controllability and predictability of clinical problems. Additionally, complexity increases or decreases, according to patients’ individual resources. Conclusions: Complex patient situations demand professional expertise, experience, communicative competencies and the ability for reflection. Beginner nurses would benefit from support and advice by experienced nurses to develop these skills.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Health Professions

Name:

Gurtner, Caroline;
Spirig, Rebecca;
Staudacher, Diana and
Huber, Evelyn

ISSN:

1012-5302

Publisher:

Hogrefe

Language:

German

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

30 Oct 2019 14:28

Last Modified:

30 Oct 2019 14:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1024/1012-5302/a000626

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.6745

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/6745

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