Sensorimotor Exercises and Enhanced Trunk Function : A Randomized Controlled Trial

Müller, Steffen; Engel, Tilman; Müller, Juliane; Stoll, Josefine; Baur, Heiner; Mayer, Frank (2018). Sensorimotor Exercises and Enhanced Trunk Function : A Randomized Controlled Trial International Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(7), pp. 555-563. Georg Thieme Verlag 10.1055/a-0592-7286

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a 6-week sensorimotor or resistance training on maximum trunk strength and response to sudden, high-intensity loading in athletes. Forty-three healthy, well-trained participants were randomized into sensorimotor (SMT; n=11), resistance training (RT; n=16) and control groups (CG; n=16). Treatment groups received either sensorimotor training (SMT) or resistance training (RT) for 6 weeks, 3 times a week. At baseline and after 6 weeks of intervention, participants' maximum isokinetic strength in trunk rotation and extension was tested (concentric/eccentric 30°/s). In addition, sudden, high-intensity trunk loading was assessed for eccentric extension and rotation, with additional perturbation. Peak torque [Nm] was calculated as the outcome. Interventions showed no significant difference for maximum strength in concentric and eccentric testing (p>0.05). For perturbation compensation, higher peak torque response following SMT (Extension: +24 Nm 95%CI±19 Nm; Rotation: +19 Nm 95%CI±13 Nm) and RT (Extension: +35 Nm 95%CI±16 Nm; Rotation: +5 Nm 95%CI±4 Nm) compared to CG (Extension: -4 Nm 95%CI±16 Nm; Rotation: -2 Nm 95%CI±4 Nm) was present (p<0.05). This study showed that isokinetic strength gains were small, but that significant improvements in high-intensity trunk loading response could be shown for both interventions. Therefore, depending on the individual's preference, therapists have two treatment options to enhance trunk function for back pain prevention.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Department of Health Professions
Department of Health Professions > Abteilung Physiotherapie

Name:

Müller, Steffen; Engel, Tilman; Müller, Juliane; Stoll, Josefine; Baur, Heiner and Mayer, Frank

ISSN:

0172-4622

Publisher:

Georg Thieme Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

12 Nov 2019 14:36

Last Modified:

12 Nov 2019 14:36

Publisher DOI:

10.1055/a-0592-7286

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/6725

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Provide Feedback