Health-related costs in a sample of premenopausal non-diabetic overweight or obese females in Antwerp region. a cost-of-illness analysis

Hens, W.; Vissers, D.; Annemans, L.; Gielen, J.; Van Gaal, L.; Taeymans, Jan; Verhaeghe, N. (2018). Health-related costs in a sample of premenopausal non-diabetic overweight or obese females in Antwerp region. a cost-of-illness analysis Archives of Public Health, 76(1), pp. 1-10. BioMed Central 10.1186/s13690-018-0285-1

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Background People with overweight or obesity are at increased risk for disease later in life which cause important health costs. The aim of this study was to estimate the health status and the corresponding costs in a sample of females with overweight or obesity which were participating in a Randomize d Controlled Trial (RCT) exploring the effect of lifestyle habits changes on ectopic adipose tissue. Methods Sixty-two non-diabetic premenopausal females without major comorbidities of overweight and obesity were recruited among patients visiting endocrinologists at the obesity clinic of the University Hospital of Antwerp and the University of Antwerp. A RCT-embedded cost-of-illness approach with societal perspective, based on self-reported questionnaires and cost diaries (3 months recall) was applied to estimate the prevalence of different comorbidities and the related direct and indirect costs in this sample of overweight or obese females. The European Quality-of-Life-5D questionnaire was used to define the health state and the corresponding utility index of the participants. Results The average direct health costs and health utilities observed in this sample were comparable with the general Flemish female population. This may partially be explained by the strict inclusion criteria of the RCT (i.e. overweight or obesity without diabetes type 2 or cardiovascular diseases). However, 15% of the participants had five or more comorbidities resulting in higher average costs and lower average health utility as compared to the general population, only 3 participants were diagnozed with the metabolic syndrome. In this subsample productivity was low due to high average absenteeism, yielding important total costs for the society. Conclusion Secondary prevention to avoid health deterioration in overweight or obese females without major comorbidies is needed to contain health care costs. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02831621, approval of the ethics committee of the University Hospital of Antwerp (number: 14/17/205 -ref: 7543075363).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Department of Health Professions
Department of Health Professions > Abteilung Physiotherapie

Name:

Hens, W.; Vissers, D.; Annemans, L.; Gielen, J.; Van Gaal, L.; Taeymans, Jan and Verhaeghe, N.

ISSN:

2049-3258

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

06 Nov 2019 09:40

Last Modified:

06 Nov 2019 09:40

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s13690-018-0285-1

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.6686

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/6686

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