Association between Anaemia in Children 6 to 23 Months Old and Child, Mother, Household and Feeding Indicators

Prieto-Patron, Alberto; Van der Horst, Klazine; Hutton, Zsuzsa V.; Detzel, Patrick (2018). Association between Anaemia in Children 6 to 23 Months Old and Child, Mother, Household and Feeding Indicators Nutrients, 10(9), pp. 1-13. MDPI AG 10.3390/nu10091269

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In Low and Lower-Middle-Income countries, the prevalence of anaemia in infancy remains high. In early childhood anaemia cause irreversible cognitive deficits and represents a higher risk of child mortality. The consequences of anaemia in infancy are a major barrier to overcome poverty traps. The aim of this study was to analyse, based on a multi-level approach, different factors associated with anaemia in children 6–23 months old based on recent available Standard Demographic Health Surveys (S-DHS). We identified 52 S-DHS that had complete information in all covariates of interest in our analysis between 2005 and 2015. We performed traditional logistic regressions and multilevel logistic regression analyses to study the association between haemoglobin concentrations and household, child, maternal, socio-demographic variables. In our sample, 70% of the 6–23 months-old children were anaemic. Child anaemia was strongly associated with maternal anaemia, household wealth, maternal education and low birth weight. Children fed with fortified foods, potatoes and other tubers had significantly lower rates of anaemia. Improving overall household living conditions, increasing maternal education, delaying childbearing and introducing iron rich foods at six months of age may reduce the likelihood of anaemia in toddlerhood. View Full-Text Keywords: Anaemia; infancy and toddlerhood; low and middle-income countries; Demographic Health Surveys; infant feeding; multilevel regression

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Health Professions

Name:

Prieto-Patron, Alberto;
Van der Horst, Klazine0000-0001-7265-428X;
Hutton, Zsuzsa V. and
Detzel, Patrick

ISSN:

2072-6643

Publisher:

MDPI AG

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2019 12:03

Last Modified:

18 Dec 2020 13:28

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/nu10091269

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.6662

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/6662

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