Organic chocolate for the Swiss market : contract farming in the cocoa sector in Honduras

Fromm, Ingrid (2013). Organic chocolate for the Swiss market : contract farming in the cocoa sector in Honduras In: Contract farming for inclusive market access (pp. 129-142). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

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When small-scale farmers in developing countries secure contracts with large international buyers, they are protecting themselves against certain risks such as short-term price fluctuations and other market uncertainties. However, there are certain conditions that must be met to keep all parties satisfied with the commercial relationship that has been established. There are several agricultural sectors where contract farming (CF) is less common, including the coffee and cocoa sector. Coffee and cocoa producers in developing countries have arms-length contact with intermediaries and there are few cases of CF for cocoa. This chapter presents the case of small-scale cocoa farmers in Honduras, who have been able to establish CF agreements and a solid commercial relationship with a Swiss buyer. This example from the field gives a different view as to how farmers can secure a sustainable income from the relationship established between an international buyer, which procures directly from them, and other local actors. Partnerships between the cocoa producers, the private firm and Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) go beyond a contract; it is in the mutual interest of all parties to achieve a common goal that keeps all stakeholders committed to the relationship. A decade ago, most cocoa producers were abandoning their plantations because the prospects of a sustainable income from cocoa production were so grim. It has since become a reality for farmers to generate a reasonable livelihood from the income associated with cocoa production. The interaction among so many different actors in the sector, because of CF, was crucial in linking these farmers to a Swiss buyer.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)


School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences > Abteilung Masterstudien


Fromm, Ingrid


S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
T Technology > T Technology (General)




Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations




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Date Deposited:

27 Aug 2019 10:30

Last Modified:

30 Aug 2019 12:29




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