Development of medium- and low-density fibreboards made of coconut husk and bound with tannin-based adhesives.

Fitzken Da Vinci M. Niro, J.; Kyriazopoulos, Michail; Bianchi, Sauro; Mayer, Ingo; Eusebio, D.A.; Arboleda, J. R.; Lanuzo, M. M.; Pichelin, Frédéric (2016). Development of medium- and low-density fibreboards made of coconut husk and bound with tannin-based adhesives. International Wood Products Journal, 7(4), pp. 208-214. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/20426445.2016.1207039

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Fibreboards made of coconut husk and bonded with tannin-based adhesives could represent an affordable building material in the Philippine for the low-income population. Coconut husk is a large available and not full-exploited byproduct of the coconut industry, and suitable tannins could be extracted from the bark of local tree species. Medium-density boards (700–800 kg m−3) were produced at the lab-scale and the influence of pressing cycle parameters, material preconditioning, and tannin adhesive formulation investigated and correlated to the chemical characteristics of the husk. Mimosa tannin adhesives with and without hardener (hexamine) and at different pH were considered. The produced board satisfied the mechanical requirements for the Japanese standard JIS A 5905 (Type 15) and showed also remarkably low-volatile emissions. An initial moisture content of the husk between 9 and 15% was necessary for an efficient adsorption of the adhesive. The presence of silica on the fibre surface enhanced the auto-condensation of tannin molecule reducing the need of hardener in the adhesive formulation. Low-density boards (250–300 kg m−3) were also produced. Their thermal conductivity (0.071–0.082 W m−2K−1) satisfied the requirement for JIS A 5905 Class A insulation boards.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering

Name:

Fitzken Da Vinci M. Niro, J.;
Kyriazopoulos, Michail;
Bianchi, Sauro0000-0002-6979-3622;
Mayer, Ingo;
Eusebio, D.A.;
Arboleda, J. R.;
Lanuzo, M. M. and
Pichelin, Frédéric0000-0003-3856-6707

ISSN:

2042-6453

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

18 Dec 2019 13:43

Last Modified:

18 Dec 2020 13:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/20426445.2016.1207039

Related URLs:

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.6112

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/6112

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