Stochastic resonance whole body vibration increases perceived muscle relaxation but not cardiovascular activation: A randomized controlled trial.

Elfering, Achim; Burger, Christian; Schade, Volker; Radlinger, Lorenz (2016). Stochastic resonance whole body vibration increases perceived muscle relaxation but not cardiovascular activation: A randomized controlled trial. World Journal of Orthopedics, 7(11), pp. 758-765. Beijing Baishideng BioMed Scientific Co. 10.5312/wjo.v7.i11.758

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To investigate the acute effects of stochastic resonance whole body vibration (SR-WBV), including muscle relaxation and cardiovascular activation. METHODS Sixty-four healthy students participated. The participants were randomly assigned to sham SR-WBV training at a low intensity (1.5 Hz) or a verum SR-WBV training at a higher intensity (5 Hz). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR) and self-reported muscle relaxation were assessed before and immediately after SR-WBV. RESULTS Two factorial analyses of variance (ANOVA) showed a significant interaction between pre- vs post-SR-WBV measurements and SR-WBV conditions for muscle relaxation in the neck and back [F(1,55) = 3.35, P = 0.048, η2 = 0.07]. Muscle relaxation in the neck and back increased in verum SR-WBV, but not in sham SR-WBV. No significant changes between pre- and post-training levels of SBD, DBD and HR were observed either in sham or verum SR-WBV conditions. With verum SR-WBV, improved muscle relaxation was the most significant in participants who reported the experience of back, neck or shoulder pain more than once a month (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION A single session of SR-WBV increased muscle relaxation in young healthy individuals, while cardiovascular load was low. An increase in musculoskeletal relaxation in the neck and back is a potential mediator of pain reduction in preventive worksite SR-WBV trials. Key Words: Musculoskeletal system, Prevention, Blood pressure, Heart rate, Low back pain Core tip: This randomized controlled trial shows musculoskeletal relaxation to increase after application of a single training of stochastic resonance whole body vibration (SR-WBV). SR-WBV increased muscle relaxation especially in those who suffered from musculoskeletal pain in the last year. Participants reported improved muscular relaxation while the cardiovascular activation as indicated by blood pressure and heart rate was very low. In addition to ergonomic interventions SR-WBV contributes to prevent muscle related pain at work.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Department of Health Professions
Department of Health Professions > Abteilung Physiotherapie

Name:

Elfering, Achim; Burger, Christian; Schade, Volker and Radlinger, Lorenz

ISSN:

2218-5836

Publisher:

Beijing Baishideng BioMed Scientific Co.

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

11 Feb 2020 14:43

Last Modified:

11 Feb 2020 14:43

Publisher DOI:

10.5312/wjo.v7.i11.758

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.6107

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/6107

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