Spinal kinematics during gait in healthy individuals across different age groups.

Schmid, Stefan; Brühin, Björn; Ignasiak, Dominika; Romkes, Jacqueline; Taylor, William R.; Ferguson, Stephen J.; Brunner, Reinald; Lorenzetti, Silvio (2017). Spinal kinematics during gait in healthy individuals across different age groups. Human Movement Science, 54, pp. 73-81. Elsevier 10.1016/j.humov.2017.04.001

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Most studies investigating trunk kinematics have not provided adequate quantification of spinal motion, resulting in a limited understanding of the healthy spine’s biomechanical behavior during gait. This study aimed at assessing spinal motion during gait in adolescents, adults and older individuals. Fourteen adolescents (10–18 years), 13 adults (19–35 years) and 15 older individuals (≥65 years) were included. Using a previously validated enhanced optical motion capture approach, sagittal and frontal plane spinal curvature angles and general trunk kinematics were measured during shod walking at a self-selected normal speed. Postural differences indicated that lumbar lordosis and thoracic kyphosis increase throughout adolescence and reach their peak in adulthood. The absence of excessive thoracic kyphosis in older individuals could be explained by a previously reported subdivision in those who develop excessive kyphosis and those who maintain their curve. Furthermore, adults displayed increased lumbar spine range of motion as compared to the adolescents, whereas the increased values in older individuals were found to be related to higher gait speeds. This dataset on the age-related kinematics of the healthy spine can serve as a basis for understanding pathological deviations and monitoring rehabilitation progression.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Department of Health Professions
Department of Health Professions > Abteilung Physiotherapie

Name:

Schmid, Stefan; Brühin, Björn; Ignasiak, Dominika; Romkes, Jacqueline; Taylor, William R.; Ferguson, Stephen J.; Brunner, Reinald and Lorenzetti, Silvio

ISSN:

0167-9457

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

29 Oct 2019 13:27

Last Modified:

29 Oct 2019 13:27

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.humov.2017.04.001

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.6045

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/6045

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