Affective Organizational Commitment in Swiss Nursing Homes: A Cross-Sectional Study

Graf, Elisabeth; Cignacco Müller, Eva; Zimmermann, Karin; Zuniga, Franziska (2016). Affective Organizational Commitment in Swiss Nursing Homes: A Cross-Sectional Study The Gerontologist, 56(6), pp. 1124-1137. Oxford University Press 10.1093/geront/gnv053

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Purpose of the Study: This substudy of the Swiss Nursing Homes Human Resources Project (SHURP) explored the relationships between affective organizational commitment (AOC) levels and organizational, situational, and care personnel characteristics, and between AOC and care personnel outcomes. Designs and Methods: SHURP was a representative national cross-sectional study in 163 Swiss nursing homes. Its data sources were: (a) a care personnel questionnaire, (b) a facility questionnaire, (c) a unit questionnaire, and (d) administrative resident data. Generalized estimating equations (GEEs) were applied to examine AOC’s relationships with selected antecedents and care personnel outcomes. Results: Data were collected from 5,323 care personnel in 163 nursing homes (return rate: 76%). On a scale from 1 to 5, the mean level of AOC was 3.86 (standard deviation = 0.81). Variations in AOC regarding care personnel characteristics (age, education, and experience in nursing home) and organizational characteristics (size, profit status) were statistically significant with minimal effect sizes. The main factors positively related to AOC were leadership, job satisfaction, quality of care, and collaboration with the nursing home director. Care personnel outcomes significantly related to higher AOC were reduced intention to leave, health complaints, presenteeism, and absenteeism. Implications: As leadership is a crucial factor of AOC, its development might improve care personnel outcomes such as intention to leave or absenteeism.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Health Professions


Graf, Elisabeth;
Cignacco Müller, Eva0000-0001-6773-4015;
Zimmermann, Karin and
Zuniga, Franziska


Oxford University Press




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Date Deposited:

05 Feb 2020 13:08

Last Modified:

23 Aug 2021 14:37

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