Standardized Pelvic Floor Exercises Improve Urinary Stress Incontinence in Women with Intrinsic Sphincter Deficiency.

Lehmann, Corinne; Zipponi, Ingrid; Baumann, Marc U.; Radlinger, Lorenz; Müller, Michael D.; Kuhn, Annette (2016). Standardized Pelvic Floor Exercises Improve Urinary Stress Incontinence in Women with Intrinsic Sphincter Deficiency. Neurourology and Urodynamics, 35(5), pp. 711-716. Wiley-Blackwell - STM 10.1002/nau.22779

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Objectives Pelvic floor rehabilitation is the conservative therapy of choice for women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The success rate of surgical procedures in SUI patients with intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD) is low. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of a standardized physiotherapy on patients with SUI and normotonic urethra and ISD. Methods In this study, 64 patients with ISD and 69 patients with normotonic urethra were enrolled. Maximum urethral pressure (MUCP) >20 cm H2O was considered as normotonic urethral pressure. Before and after physiotherapy MUCP was measured and cough testing was performed. Additionally, patient reported outcome was assessed using the King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ). For statistical analyses Excel 2010 (Microsoft Inc; Redmond, Washington) and SPSS 20 (SPSS Inc; Chicago, Illinois) for Windows were used. Power calculation was based on the primary endpoint incontinence impact and general health. For power calculation, GraphPad Statmate version 2.00 for Windows was used. Results Sixty‐four patients with ISD and 69 patients with normotonic urethra were included in the study. In SUI patients with normotonic and hypotonic urethra KHQ‐scores regarding the primary endpoins “general health” and “incontinence impact” significantly improved following standardized physiotherapy. In both groups MUCP increased after physiotherapy. In SUI patients with ISD standardized physiotherapy resulted in a decreased incidence of a positive cough test. Conclusions Standardized physiotherapy should be offered to patients with SUI and ISD. Long‐term results are subject to future studies. Neurourol. Urodynam. 35:711–716, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Health Professions

Name:

Lehmann, Corinne;
Zipponi, Ingrid;
Baumann, Marc U.;
Radlinger, Lorenz0000-0002-0326-6264;
Müller, Michael D. and
Kuhn, Annette

ISSN:

0733-2467

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell - STM

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

17 Dec 2019 11:08

Last Modified:

18 Dec 2020 13:27

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/nau.22779

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.5928

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/5928

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