Injuries in the Martial Arts Judo, Taekwondo and Wrestling – A Systematic Review

Jäggi, U.; Joray, C.P.; Brülhart, Y.; Luijckx, Eefje; Rogan, Slavko (2015). Injuries in the Martial Arts Judo, Taekwondo and Wrestling – A Systematic Review Sportverletz Sportschaden, 29(4), pp. 219-225. Georg Thieme Verlag 10.1055/s-0041-106939

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Background: Martial arts such as judo, taekwondo and wrestling are regulated, usually athletic duels. The aim is to score better than your opponent or to win. As with any type of sport, athletes in martial arts sustain minor and major injuries, which may have many negative consequences. In addition, sports injuries and their rehabilitation generate high costs to the healthcare system. In contrast to the FIFA 11+ warm-up program, no preventive programs have been postulated for injury prevention in these martial arts. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to summarise the latest research findings and to evaluate whether initial recommendations can be given for the reduction of injuries in the martial arts judo, wrestling and taekwondo. Methods: To gain an overview of the latest research findings, we searched for systematic reviews in PEDro, PubMed, Cochrane and the internet search engine Google Scholar. The methodological quality of these reviews was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Tool for a Systematic Review (CASP), and data was extracted on the risk of injury, injury location and injury type. Results: It was found that all three review articles are of low to moderate methodological quality. Regarding injury location, it became evident that the extremities are particularly vulnerable to injury in all three martial arts. Effusion was observed to be the most common type of injury. Conclusion: Due to the moderate methodological quality and the injury type of effusion, it is not possible to formulate recommendations for injury prevention. Moreover, uniform definitions should be developed to describe sports injuries.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Health Professions


Jäggi, U.;
Joray, C.P.;
Brülhart, Y.;
Luijckx, Eefje and
Rogan, Slavko0000-0003-0865-2575




Georg Thieme Verlag




Service Account

Date Deposited:

02 Dec 2019 11:40

Last Modified:

25 Oct 2023 13:10

Publisher DOI:





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