Trunk extensor and flexor strength capacity in healthy young elite athletes aged 11-15 years.

Müller, Juliane; Müller, Steffen; Stoll, Josefine; Baur, Heiner; Mayer, Frank (2014). Trunk extensor and flexor strength capacity in healthy young elite athletes aged 11-15 years. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28(5), pp. 1328-1334. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000280

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Differences in trunk strength capacity due to gender and sports are well documented in adults. In contrast, data concerning young athletes is sparse. The purpose of this study was to assess the maximum trunk strength of adolescent athletes and to investigate differences between genders and age groups.A total of 520 young athletes were recruited. Finally, 377 (n=233/144 m/f; 13±1yrs; 1.62±0.11m height; 51±12kg mass; training: 4.5±2.6yrs; training-sessions/week: 4.3±3.0; various sports) were included in the final data analysis. Furthermore, five age groups were differentiated (age groups: 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 yrs; n=90, 150, 42, 43 and 52, respectively.) Maximum strength of trunk flexors (Flex) and extensors (Ext) was assessed in all subjects during isokinetic concentric measurements (60°/sec; 5 repetitions; ROM: 55°). Maximum strength was characterized by absolute peak torque (Flexabs, Extabs; Nm), peak torque normalized to body weight (Flexnorm, Extnorm; Nm/kg BW) and Flexabs/Extabs ratio (RKquot). Descriptive data analysis (mean±SD) was completed followed by ANOVA (α=0.05; post-hoc-test (Tukey-Kramer)).Mean maximum strength for all athletes was 97±34 Nm in Flexabs and 140±50 Nm in Extabs (Flexnorm 1.9±0.3 Nm/kg BW, Extnorm 2.8±0.6 Nm/kg BW). Males showed statistically significant higher absolute and normalized values compared to females (p<0.001). Flexabs and Extabs rose with increasing age almost two-fold for males and females (Flexabs, Extabs: p<0.001). Flexnorm and Extnorm increased with age for males (p<0.001), however, not for females (Flexnorm: p=0.26; Extnorm: p=0.20). RKquot (mean± SD: 0.71±0.16) did not reveal any differences regarding age (p=0.87) or gender (p=0.43).In adolescent athletes, maximum trunk strength must be discussed in a gender- and age-specific context. The flexor/extensor ratio revealed extensor dominance, which seems to be independent of age and gender. The values assessed may serve as a basis to evaluate and discuss trunk strength in athletes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Health Professions
School of Health Professions > Physiotherapy
School of Health Professions > Physiotherapy > Neuromuscular Control

Name:

Müller, Juliane;
Müller, Steffen;
Stoll, Josefine;
Baur, Heiner0000-0002-4780-225X and
Mayer, Frank

ISSN:

1064-8011

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

29 Jan 2020 13:45

Last Modified:

25 May 2021 14:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1519/JSC.0000000000000280

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.5865

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/5865

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