A Case Control Study

Allet, Lara; Zumstein, Franziska; Eichelberger, Patric; Armand, Stéphane; Punt, Ilona M. (2017). A Case Control Study Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 9(3), pp. 241-250. Wiley 10.1016/j.pmrj.2016.07.006

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Background Optimal neuromuscular control mechanisms are essential for preparing, maintaining, and restoring functional joint stability during jump landing and to prevent ankle injuries. In subacute ankle sprain patients, neither muscle activity nor kinematics during jump landing has previously been assessed. Objective To compare neuromuscular control mechanisms and kinematics between subacute ankle sprain patients and healthy persons before and during the initial contact phase of a 25‐cm single‐leg jump. Design Case‐control study. Setting University hospital. Patients Fifteen patients with grade I or II acute ankle sprains were followed up after 4 weeks of conservative management not involving physical therapy. Methods Subjects performed alternately 3 single‐leg forward jumps of 25 cm (toe‐to‐heel distance) barefoot. Their results were compared with the data of 15 healthy subjects. Main Outcome Measurements Electromyographic (EMG) activity of the musculus (m.) gastrocnemius lateralis, m. tibialis anterior, and m. peroneus longus as well as kinematics for ankle, knee, and hip joint were recorded for pre–initial contact (IC) phase, post–initial contact phase, and reflex‐induced phase. Results The results showed that EMG activity of the 3 muscles did not differ between ankle sprain patients (n = 15) and healthy persons (n = 15) for any of the analyzed time intervals (all P > .05). However, during the pre‐IC phase, ankle sprain patients presented less plantar flexion, as well as during the post‐IC phase after jump landing, compared to healthy persons (P < .05). Conclusion Taken together, these kinematic alterations of the ankle joint can lead to neuromuscular control mechanism disturbances through which functional instability might arise. Level of Evidence III.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Department of Health Professions
Department of Health Professions > Abteilung Physiotherapie

Name:

Allet, Lara; Zumstein, Franziska; Eichelberger, Patric; Armand, Stéphane and Punt, Ilona M.

ISSN:

1934-1563

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

21 Aug 2019 08:48

Last Modified:

21 Aug 2019 08:48

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.pmrj.2016.07.006

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.5492

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/5492

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