Translation and Psychometric Testing of the Hägerbäumer Presenteeism Scale in English

Golz, Christoph; Kilcher, Gablu; Gerlach, Maisa; Hägerbäumer, Miriam; Peter, K. A.; Blozik, E. (2024). Translation and Psychometric Testing of the Hägerbäumer Presenteeism Scale in English Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, pp. 1-10. Springer Link 10.1007/s10926-024-10174-2

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Purpose Interest in presenteeism has increased in research. Presenteeism is a behaviour of going to work despite illness. It has been predominantly measured using single items, which introduce limitations to validity. To overcome these limitations, Hägerbäumer developed a German multi item presenteeism scale. Methods The aim of the study was to provide an English translation and psychometric testing of the scale. This was conducted in two phases with native English-speaking employed adults. Phase 1 includes translation and cognitive debriefing, phase 2 testing construct validity and internal consistency reliability. Results Cognitive debriefing with 10 employees revealed no problems with understanding or answering the translated items. In total, 487 employed adults participated in the study, of which data from 287 were included in the analysis. For structural validity, the goodness-of-fit indicators all reached their thresholds (TLI = 0.98, CFI = 0.99, RMSEA = 0.07, SRMR = 0.02). The scale does not show differences between sexes and age groups but between sectors (F6,70.95 = 5.53, p < 0.001). The internal consistency reliability was satisfactory with α = 0.89 (CI 95%, 0.87–0.91). Conclusion The translated multidimensional scale for measuring presenteeism at the behavioural level demonstrated good psychometric properties in an initial validation. Further psychometric testing is required before using this scale in cross-national comparison in research and international companies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Health Professions
School of Health Professions > Nursing
School of Health Professions > Nursing > Innovation in the Field of Health Care and Human Resources Development


Golz, Christoph0000-0003-1711-5106;
Kilcher, Gablu;
Gerlach, Maisa;
Hägerbäumer, Miriam;
Peter, K. A. and
Blozik, E.




Springer Link




Christoph Golz

Date Deposited:

14 Mar 2024 08:05

Last Modified:

14 Mar 2024 08:05

Publisher DOI:


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Uncontrolled Keywords:

Presenteeism Scale Cognitive debriefing Psychometrics




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