„Wenn gewisse Spannungen da sind, wirkt das auf alle ein“: Multiple Fallstudie zu Prozessen von Zwangsmaßnahmen

Martinelli, Livia; Siegrist-Dreier, Sandra; Schlup, Nanja; Hahn, Sabine (2023). „Wenn gewisse Spannungen da sind, wirkt das auf alle ein“: Multiple Fallstudie zu Prozessen von Zwangsmaßnahmen Pflege, 36(6), pp. 319-325. Hogrefe 10.1024/1012-5302/a000954

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There is an urgent need to reduce coercive measures in psychiatric care. The interaction between patients, nursing staff and medical professionals influences the course of a coercive measure. Aim: The interaction before, during and after coercive measures will be described and compared from the perspectives of the parties involved in order to identify a potential for prevention and quality improvement. Methods: A multiple case study of three coercive measures was conducted, each consisting of interviews with three participants, case documentation, photos, and observation. The data material was analysed thematically with subsequent single-case and cross-case analysis. Results: The thematic analysis revealed three areas of tension: tension and relaxation, humaneness and dehumanisation, as well as safety and autonomy. The stage before coercion was characterised by interacting tensions and the influence of emotions and stress. In all cases, a verbal communication gap was present. During the coercive measure, the quality of interactions between patients and nurses determined their experience. After coercion, the impacts of the measure on the persons and their relationships as well as reflections were the focus. Conclusions: De-escalation techniques turn out to be a key issue, whereby special attention should be paid to emotional and nonverbal aspects in the future. The results underline the relevance of empathy and respect throughout the process for prevention as well as for quality of care. Debriefings of coercive measures should be conducted routinely.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Health Professions
School of Health Professions > Nursing > Innovation in the Field of Mental Health and Psychiatric Care


Martinelli, Livia;
Siegrist-Dreier, Sandra;
Schlup, Nanja and
Hahn, Sabine0000-0002-2697-2014


R Medicine > RT Nursing








Sabine Hahn

Date Deposited:

20 Dec 2023 10:59

Last Modified:

20 Dec 2023 10:59

Publisher DOI:






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