Large language model-based information extraction from free-text radiology reports: a scoping review protocol

Reichenpfader, Daniel; Müller, Henning; Denecke, Kerstin (2023). Large language model-based information extraction from free-text radiology reports: a scoping review protocol BMJ Open, 13(12), e076865. BMJ 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-076865

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Introduction Radiological imaging is one of the most frequently performed diagnostic tests worldwide. The free-text contained in radiology reports is currently only rarely used for secondary use purposes, including research and predictive analysis. However, this data might be made available by means of information extraction (IE), based on natural language processing (NLP). Recently, a new approach to NLP, large language models (LLMs), has gained momentum and continues to improve performance of IE-related tasks. The objective of this scoping review is to show the state of research regarding IE from free-text radiology reports based on LLMs, to investigate applied methods and to guide future research by showing open challenges and limitations of current approaches. To our knowledge, no systematic or scoping review of IE from radiology reports based on LLMs has been published. Existing publications are outdated and do not comprise LLM-based methods. Methods and analysis This protocol is designed based on the JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis, chapter 11.2: ‘Development of a scoping review protocol’. Inclusion criteria and a search strategy comprising four databases (PubMed, IEEE Xplore, Web of Science Core Collection and ACM Digital Library) are defined. Furthermore, we describe the screening process, data charting, analysis and presentation of extracted data. Ethics and dissemination This protocol describes the methodology of a scoping literature review and does not comprise research on or with humans, animals or their data. Therefore, no ethical approval is required. After the publication of this protocol and the conduct of the review, its results are going to be published in an open access journal dedicated to biomedical informatics/digital health.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Engineering and Computer Science > Institute for Patient-centered Digital Health
School of Engineering and Computer Science


Reichenpfader, Daniel0000-0002-8052-3359;
Müller, Henning0000-0001-6800-9878 and
Denecke, Kerstin0000-0001-6691-396X


R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)








Kerstin Denecke

Date Deposited:

13 Dec 2023 08:52

Last Modified:

13 Dec 2023 08:52

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