Climate Change Impacts, Food Insecurity and Migration: An Analysis of the Current Crisis in Honduras

Fromm, Ingrid (2023). Climate Change Impacts, Food Insecurity and Migration: An Analysis of the Current Crisis in Honduras In: Arrocha, William; Xeni, Elena (eds.) Migrations and Diasporas: Struggling Between Inclusion and Exclusion. Emerald Interdisciplinary Connexions (pp. 137-149). Leeds: Emerald Publishing Limited 10.1108/978-1-83797-146-620231009

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Agricultural production in Honduras was devastated by the impact of hurricanes Eta and Iota in November 2020, placing people depending on agriculture in a vulnerable and food insecure situation. In addition to the COVID-19 pandemic and the economic downturn in the country, these extreme events are forcing more people to leave and head to North America in migrant caravans. Over the last decades, Honduras has been impacted by severe climate change events, including droughts and extreme tropical storms. According to the Global Climate Risk Index (CRI), developed by Germanwatch (Eckstein et al., 2019), Honduras was the second most affected country by climate change over a period of 20 years, from 1998 to 2017. Extreme rainfall and tropical storms, droughts, variation in rainfall patterns, and soil loss make agriculture more difficult, thus placing low-income rural families at the edge of hunger and food insecurity. In terms of migration policy, much focus has been given to economic instability, weak governance, violence and crime as push factors for migration, but the effect of food insecurity and climate change impact is often overlooked in this narrative. Agricultural areas in Honduras, traditionally the backbone of food production, have been identified as climate out-migration hotspots. The purpose of this chapter is to examine the most relevant data to understand the interactions between climate change, food insecurity and the current migration crisis in Honduras.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)


School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL
School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > HAFL Hugo P. Cecchini Institute


Fromm, Ingrid0000-0003-1509-5746;
Arrocha, William and
Xeni, Elena


H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration




Emerald Interdisciplinary Connexions


Emerald Publishing Limited




Ingrid Fromm

Date Deposited:

18 Dec 2023 09:37

Last Modified:

18 Dec 2023 09:37

Publisher DOI:



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