Gestation length in Braunvieh cows

Fanger, Melanie; Burren, Alexander; Jörg, Hannes (1 September 2023). Gestation length in Braunvieh cows In: EAAP + WAAP + Interbull Congress 2023: 74rd Annual Meeting of The European Federation of Animal Science: Climate change, biodiversity and global sustainability of animal production. Lyon, France. August 26th / September 1st, 2023.

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In the present study, the influence of sire breed on pregnancy duration in Braunvieh (BV) and Original Braunvieh (OB) cows was investigated. Braunvieh Schweiz provided data from 2,096,865 BV and 132,731 OB cows from 2000-2021 with 14 and 11 different sire breeds, respectively. The different sire breeds were represented as follows: Angus (AN) 20'119/780, Blue Belgian (BB) 22'630/316, Blonde d'Aquitaine (BD) 28'191/316, Brown Swiss (BS) 288'845/395, Braunvieh (BV) 1'177'947/3'159, Charolais (CH) 24'828/262, Holstein (HO) 11'718/0, Eringer (HR) 2'679/101, Jersey (JE) 2'793/0, Limousin (LM) 368'229/11'451, Original Braunvieh (OB) 96'716/114'809, Pinzgauer (PI) 5'469/168, Swiss Fleckvieh (SF) 1'938/0 and Simmentaler (SI60) 44'763/974. The relationship between gestation length and sire breed was examined using a mixed linear model. The model included fixed effects calving year and month, milk linear and quadratic, calving age linear and quadratic, number of calves born by sex and sire breed, and random effects mother, sire, and farm. The longest gestation period resulted in BV and OB cows with sire breed BD (289.7 days) and (289.9 days), respectively. This was followed by PI (289.2), OB (289.2), LM (288.4) and SI (287.8) breeds in BV cows and PI (289.3), OB (289.2), LM (288.6) and SI (288.3) in OB cows. In BV cows, the sire breed HO (282.4) and in OB cows, the sire breed AN (283.2) achieved the shortest pregnancy durations. Further, both sex and the number of calves born had an influence on pregnancy duration. For a male calf, the gestation period is longer than for a female (BV: f=288.6, m=290.4; OB: f=289.8, m=291.5). Twin births result in a slightly shorter gestation period (BV: ff=283.6, mf=283.9, mm=285.3; OB: ff=284.3, mf=284.8, mm=286.0). The results show that breeders can influence the gestation length by their selection of sire breed.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)


School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL
School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Agriculture
School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Agriculture > Livestock and Horses


Fanger, Melanie;
Burren, Alexander0000-0001-9948-7039 and
Jörg, Hannes


S Agriculture > SF Animal culture




Alexander Burren

Date Deposited:

19 Sep 2023 15:31

Last Modified:

19 Sep 2023 15:31




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