Prognostic Factors for Quality of Life After Interdisciplinary Pain Rehabilitation in Patients with Chronic Pain: a Systematic Review

Liechti, Seraina; Tseli, Elena; Taeymans, Jan; Grooten, Wilhelmus (2023). Prognostic Factors for Quality of Life After Interdisciplinary Pain Rehabilitation in Patients with Chronic Pain: a Systematic Review Pain Med., 24(1), pp. 52-70. Oxford University Press 10.1093/pm/pnac098

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Background. Health-related quality of life (hrQoL) is a core outcome in evaluating interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation (IPR). This systematic review aimed to identify prognostic factors for hrQoL at least six months after IPR in chronic pain patients. Methods. A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science and Cochrane CENTRAL until September 2020. Included were prognostic studies on the outcome hrQoL in adults aged 18 to 67 years with chronic pain (excluding malignancies, systemic-, inflammatory or degenerative joint diseases) who had undergone IPR. Studies were assessed with The Quality in Prognostic Studies-tool. Potential prognostic factors at baseline for the domains pain, psychological and physical functioning were qualitatively synthesized for hrQoL. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation was used to evaluate the level of evidence. Results. Fourteen studies on 6,668 participants (mean age 37.4–52.8 y), with musculoskeletal pain/fibromyalgia and a pain duration ranging between 13.1 and 177.4 months were considered eligible. With a very low certainty of evidence, pain intensity, emotional distress, and physical functioning at baseline were inconsistent for prediction of hrQoL and pain duration was not predictive. With low certainty of evidence, fewer pain sites, lower levels of negative cognitive behavioral factors, and higher levels of positive cognitive behavioral factors predicted a better outcome. Conclusions. The overall certainty of evidence was low to very low, making it difficult to reach definitive conclusions at present. Future studies with a predefined core set of predictors investigating hrQoL in patientswith chronic pain after IPR are needed.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Health Professions
School of Health Professions > Physiotherapy


Liechti, Seraina;
Tseli, Elena;
Taeymans, Jan and
Grooten, Wilhelmus


R Medicine > R Medicine (General)




Oxford University Press




Jan Taeymans

Date Deposited:

25 Jan 2023 09:50

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2023 09:50

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain; Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation; Health-Related Quality of Life; Prognostic Factors; Systematic Review




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