The extended gentle caesarean section protocol—expanding the scope and adding value for the family: a cross‑sectional study

Christoph, Patricia; Aebi, Julia; Sutter, Lena; Schmitt, Kai-Uwe; Surbek, Daniel; Oelhafen, Stephan (2023). The extended gentle caesarean section protocol—expanding the scope and adding value for the family: a cross‑sectional study Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 307(5), pp. 1481-1488. Springer 10.1007/s00404-023-06913-0

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Purpose In Switzerland, about one in three children is born by caesarean section (CS). For many women, this means a restricted birth experience, limited observation of the birth process and a restricted involvement. We evaluated an extended gentle CS protocol, which offered early intraoperative skin-to-skin contact and the possibility of observing the delivery of the baby from the abdomen through a transparent drape. Methods This is a cross-sectional study incorporating data from a purposely tailored questionnaire and clinical routine data.The extended gentle CS protocol was compared with the gentle CS, which does not allow the possibility of observing the delivery. Data were collected online and analysed by multivariable regression for quantitative data and content analysis for all text responses to open questions, respectively. Results 193 women completed the questionnaire. Of these, 154 had a gentle CS and 39 had an extended gentle CS. Multivariable regression did not reveal a statistically significant difference for extended gentle CS with regard to satisfaction with childbirth, mother-to-child bonding, or breastfeeding duration. Nevertheless, early intraoperative skin-to-skin contact was associated with the fulfilment of birth expectations. Furthermore, most women who experienced an extended gentle CS would prefer the same procedure for any potential future CS. Conclusions Although our study showed no statistically significant difference in satisfaction from using a transparent drape, most women expressed a preference for this technique. We recommend that the option of an extended gentle CS should be offered to all women for whom CS is indicated.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Health Professions > Midwifery
School of Health Professions > Academic-Practice-Partnership Insel Gruppe/BFH


Christoph, Patricia;
Aebi, Julia;
Sutter, Lena;
Schmitt, Kai-Uwe0000-0003-3439-9323;
Surbek, Daniel and
Oelhafen, Stephan0000-0002-4238-6728


R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics








Kai-Uwe Schmitt

Date Deposited:

20 Jan 2023 10:55

Last Modified:

23 Apr 2023 01:37

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Kaiserschnitt, Mutter-Kind-Beziehung, Geburt, Gentle caesarean section, Skin-to-skin contact, Breastfeeding, Birth experience, Mother-to-child bond




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