Short-term follow up after Large-Area RPE Removal by Microsecond Laser followed by hiPS-RPE suspension transplantation in rabbits

Al-Nawaiseh, Sami; Burri, Christian; Schulz, André; Wakili, Philip; Farese, Gerardo; Kroetz, Christina; Salzmann, Simon Adrian; Brinkmann, Ralf; Gasparini, Sylvia J.; Povazay, Boris; Frenz, Martin; Szurman, Peter; Ader, Marius; Stanzel, Boris (1 June 2022). Short-term follow up after Large-Area RPE Removal by Microsecond Laser followed by hiPS-RPE suspension transplantation in rabbits nvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 63. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

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Cell therapy is a promising treatment for retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-associated eye diseases. Herein, microsecond laser irradiation targeting RPE cells was used for large-area RPE removal followed by subretinal injection of human induced pluripotent stem cell derived RPE (hiPS-RPE). 19 immunosuppressed pigmented rabbits (Chinchilla bastard hybrid) underwent a large area RPE removal using an infrared reflectance (IR) confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope (cSLO) with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system (Heidelberg Engineering ) extended with a prototype laser (modified Merilas 532 shortpulse ophthalmic laser photocoagulator, Meridian Medical) (wavelength, 532 nm; pulse duration, 8 µs), followed by a 25G vitrectomy. Subsequently, a suspension of hiPS-RPE (1000 cells/ µl) was grafted subretinally into the RPE laser lesion under real-time intraoperative OCT imaging (RESCAN 700, Zeiss) by manual injection via a 25/38G cannula connected to a 100µl Hamilton syringe. 5 rabbits served as a control with hiPS-RPE injected subretinally over healthy RPE. The rabbits were followed with in vivo multimodal retinal imaging at baseline after laser and then for 7 days including fluorescein (FA) and indocyanine angiography (ICGA), aw well as SD-OCT (Spectralis ®, Heidelberg Engineering). Baseline imaging of RPE laser wounds showed mild late phase FA/ICGA leakage, with normal outer retinal and choroidal reflectivity on OCT, without signs of coagulation. The size of the RPE wounds was typically 10-12mm2. Real time iOCT showed a directed spread of the bleb retinal detachment (bRD) within the lasered zone, in contrast to a circular spread in controls. Subretinal injection ranged from 5-20µl, with lesser volumes/ larger bRD areas over lasered regions. At 7 days, implanted regions showed FA/ICGA leakage, blockage due to hyperpigmentation was observed mostly at the edges of the lasered zone; OCT showed hyperreflectivity of the outer retina with RPE irregularities. Control implantation sites showed hyperreflectivity in all retinal layers and a variably thickened RPE band suggesting clumping. Microsecond laser irradiation to the RPE seems to accelerate the subretinal integration of hiPS-RPE, when compared to subretinal injection over intact RPE. Future work will address correlation of multimodal imaging and histology. This abstract was presented at the 2022 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Denver, CO, May 1-4, 2022, and virtually.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Abstract)

Division/Institute:

School of Engineering and Computer Science > Institute for Human Centered Engineering (HUCE)
School of Engineering and Computer Science > Institute for Human Centered Engineering (HUCE) > HUCE / Laboratory for Optics
School of Engineering and Computer Science
BFH Centres > BFH centre for Health technologies

Name:

Al-Nawaiseh, Sami;
Burri, Christian0000-0003-2690-7527;
Schulz, André;
Wakili, Philip;
Farese, Gerardo;
Kroetz, Christina;
Salzmann, Simon Adrian0000-0001-5453-8808;
Brinkmann, Ralf;
Gasparini, Sylvia J.;
Povazay, Boris0000-0001-5571-5116;
Frenz, Martin;
Szurman, Peter;
Ader, Marius and
Stanzel, Boris

Subjects:

Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology

ISSN:

1552-5783

Publisher:

Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christian Burri

Date Deposited:

20 Jul 2022 13:24

Last Modified:

20 Jul 2022 13:24

Related URLs:

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.17211

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/17211

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