A Review of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics in Transformed Health Ecosystems

Denecke, Kerstin; Baudoin, Claude R. (2022). A Review of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics in Transformed Health Ecosystems Frontiers in Medicine, 9, pp. 1-13. Frontiers Media 10.3389/fmed.2022.795957

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Health care is shifting toward become proactive according to the concept of P5 medicine – a predictive, personalized, preventive, participatory and precision discipline. This patient-centered care heavily leverages the latest technologies of artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics that support diagnosis, decision making and treatment. In this paper, we present the role of AI and robotic systems in this evolution, including example use cases. We categorize systems along multiple dimensions such as the type of system, the degree of autonomy, the care setting where the systems are applied, and the application area. These technologies have already achieved notable results in the prediction of sepsis or cardiovascular risk, the monitoring of vital parameters in intensive care units, or in the form of home care robots. Still, while much research is conducted around AI and robotics in health care, adoption in real world care settings is still limited. To remove adoption barriers, we need to address issues such as safety, security, privacy and ethical principles; detect and eliminate bias that could result in harmful or unfair clinical decisions; and build trust in and societal acceptance of AI.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Engineering and Computer Science > Institut für Medizininformatik I4MI
School of Engineering and Computer Science
BFH Centres > BFH centre for Health technologies

Name:

Denecke, Kerstin and
Baudoin, Claude R.

Subjects:

Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)

ISSN:

2296-858X

Publisher:

Frontiers Media

Language:

English

Submitter:

Kerstin Denecke

Date Deposited:

20 Jul 2022 08:29

Last Modified:

20 Jul 2022 08:29

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fmed.2022.795957

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Artificial intelligence Robotics Healthcare Personalized medicine P5 medicine

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.17204

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/17204

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