Body and Mind? Exploring Physiological and Psychological Factors to Explain Endurance Performance in Cycling

Röthlin, Philipp; Wyler, Marco; Müller, Beat; Zenger, Nina; Kellenberger, Katja; Wehrlin, Jon Peter; Birrer, Daniel; Lorenzetti, Silvio; Trösch, Severin (2022). Body and Mind? Exploring Physiological and Psychological Factors to Explain Endurance Performance in Cycling European journal of sport science, pp. 1-8. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/17461391.2021.2018049

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Abstract; Endurance athletes attribute performance not only to physiological factors, but also refer to psychological factors such as motivation. The goal of this study was to quantify the proportion of the variance in endurance performance that is explained by psychological factors in addition to the physiological factor VO; 2; max. Twenty-five athletes of the U17 Swiss Cycling national team (7f, 18?m, 15.3?±?0.5 years) were examined in a cross-sectional study with psychological factors and VO; 2; max as independent variables and endurance performance in road cycling as dependent variable. Questionnaires were used to assess psychological factors (i.e., use of mental techniques, self-compassion, mental toughness, achievement motivation, and action vs. state orientation). VO; 2; max was measured by a step incremental cycle ergometer test of exhaustion. Endurance performance was measured in a cycling mountain time trial (1,320?m long, incline of 546 meters). A multiple regression model was created by using forward selection of regression model predictors. Results showed that higher VO; 2; max values (??=?.48), being male (??=?.26), and higher achievement motivation (i.e., perseverance, ??=?.11) were associated with a better endurance performance. A more frequent use of one particular mental technique (i.e., relaxation techniques, ??=?.03) was associated with a worse endurance performance. Our study shows that a physiological factor like VO; 2; max explains endurance performance to a large extent but psychological factors account for additional variance. In particular, one aspect of achievement motivation, namely perseverance, was associated with a better endurance performance.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM

Name:

Röthlin, Philipp0000-0003-2268-571X;
Wyler, Marco;
Müller, Beat;
Zenger, Nina;
Kellenberger, Katja;
Wehrlin, Jon Peter;
Birrer, Daniel;
Lorenzetti, Silvio0000-0002-8339-8960 and
Trösch, Severin

ISSN:

1536-7290

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

16 May 2022 10:01

Last Modified:

16 May 2022 10:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/17461391.2021.2018049

PubMed ID:

34895077

Uncontrolled Keywords:

VO2max; cycling; cycling performance; mental strategies; mental techniques; perseverance

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.16865

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/16865

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