Normative data and percentile curves for long-term athlete development in swimming

Born, Dennis; Lomax, Ishbel; Rüeger, Eva; Romann, Michael (2022). Normative data and percentile curves for long-term athlete development in swimming Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 25(3), pp. 266-271. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jsams.2021.10.002

[img]
Preview
Text
Born_2022_Normative data and percentile curves for long-term athlete development in swimming.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works (CC-BY-NC-ND).

Download (708kB) | Preview

Objectives: To provide normative data and establish percentile curves for long-course (50 m pool length) swimming events and to compare progression of race times longitudinally for the various swimming strokes and race distances. Design: Descriptive approach with longitudinal tracking of performance data. Methods: A total of 2,884,783 race results were collected from which 169,194 annual best times from early junior to elite age were extracted. To account for drop-outs during adolescence, only swimmers still competing at age of peak performance (21-26 years) were included and analyzed retrospectively. Percentiles were established with z-scores around the median and the Lambda-Mu-Sigma (LMS) method applied to account for potential skewness. A two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measure and between-subject factor was applied to compare race times across the various events and age groups. Results: Percentile curves were established based on longitudinal tracking of race times specific to sex, swimming stroke, and race distance. Comparing performance progression, race times of freestyle sprint events showed an early plateau with no further significant improvement (p > 0.05) after late junior age (15-17 years). However, the longer the race distance, the later the race times plateaued (p < 0.05). Female swimmers generally showed an earlier performance plateau than males. Backstroke and freestyle showed an earlier performance plateau compared to the other swimming strokes (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Performance progression varied between sex, swimming strokes, and race distances. Percentile curves based on longitudinal tracking may allow an objective assessment of swimming performance, help discover individual potentials, and facilitate realistic goal setting for talent development.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Leistungssport > Trainingswissenschaft

Name:

Born, Dennis0000-0002-1058-4367;
Lomax, Ishbel;
Rüeger, Eva and
Romann, Michael0000-0003-4139-2955

ISSN:

1440-2440 (Print) 1878-1861 (Online)

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

20 May 2022 10:03

Last Modified:

20 May 2022 10:03

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jsams.2021.10.002

PubMed ID:

34764012

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Adolescent Athletes Percentile Reference values Sports Talent

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.16844

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/16844

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Provide Feedback