Key performance indicators related to strength, endurance, flexibility, anthropometrics, and Swimming performance for competitive aquatic lifesaving

Reichmuth, Daniela; Olstad, Bjørn Harald; Born, Dennis (2021). Key performance indicators related to strength, endurance, flexibility, anthropometrics, and Swimming performance for competitive aquatic lifesaving International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(7), pp. 1-12. MDPI 10.3390/ijerph18073454

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The aim of the study was to investigate key performance indicators for the individual pool-based disciplines of competitive lifesaving regarding strength, flexibility, sprint and endurance swimming performance, anthropometric characteristics, and technical skills specific to competitive lifesaving. Data were collected from Swiss national team members (seven males: age 19 ± 2 yrs, body mass 77 ± 11 kg, body height 177 ± 7 cm and seven females age 21 ± 5 yrs, body mass 64 ± 6 kg, body height 171 ± 4 cm) competing at the 2019 European lifesaving championships. Potential key performance indicators were assessed with race times derived from the 2019 long-course season using Spearman's correlation coefficient. Large and significant correlations showed that sprint, i.e., 50 m freestyle performance (r ≥ 0.770), was related to race time of all pool-based disciplines, rather than endurance swimming performance. Additionally, significant correlations revealed upper body strength, i.e., bench press (r ≥ -0.644) and pull (r ≥ -0.697), and leg strength (r ≥ -0.627) as key performance indicators. Importance of the lifesaving-specific skills, anthropometric characteristics, and core strength varied between the disciplines. Flexibility was not significantly related to race times of competitive lifesaving. The present study showed that sprint swimming performance, upper body, and leg strength are particularly important for competitive lifesaving. As other physical and technical requirements varied between the pool-based disciplines, coaches may use the present key performance indicators to establish training guidelines and conditioning programs as well as prioritize skill acquisition in training to specifically prepare athletes for their main disciplines.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Leistungssport > Trainingswissenschaft

Name:

Reichmuth, Daniela;
Olstad, Bjørn Harald and
Born, Dennis0000-0002-1058-4367

ISSN:

1660-4601

Publisher:

MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

20 May 2022 09:56

Last Modified:

20 May 2022 09:56

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/ijerph18073454

PubMed ID:

33810445

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Athlete Competition Elite Normative data Swimming Testing

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.16824

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/16824

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