Arbeitsbelastung von Pflegehelfenden in Schweizer Pflege- und Altersheimen: Nichtlineare kanonische Korrelationsanalyse

Ziegler, Anna; Bernet, Madeleine; Metzenthin, Petra; Hahn, Sabine (2016). Arbeitsbelastung von Pflegehelfenden in Schweizer Pflege- und Altersheimen: Nichtlineare kanonische Korrelationsanalyse Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 49(6), pp. 512-519. Springer Medizin 10.1007/s00391-016-1083-4

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Background Due to demographic changes, the demand for care in nursing homes for the elderly and infirmed is growing. At the same time nursing staff shortages are also increasing. Nursing aides are the primary care providers and comprise the largest staff group in Swiss nursing homes. They are exposed to various forms of job stress, which threaten job retention. Objective The aim of this study was to discover which features of the work situation and which personal characteristics of the nursing aides were related to the workload. Material and methods Data from nursing aides in Swiss nursing homes were investigated through a secondary analysis of a national quantitative cross-sectional study, using descriptive statistics and a nonlinear canonical correlation analysis. Results A total of 1054 nursing aides were included in the secondary analysis, 94.6 % of whom were women between the ages of 42 and 61 years. The job stress most frequently mentioned in the descriptive analysis, almost 60 % of the participants referred to it, was staff shortage. The nonlinear canonical correlation analysis revealed that many job strains are caused by social and organizational issues. In particular, a lack of support from supervisors was associated with staff not feeling appreciated. These job strains correlated with a high level of responsibility, the feeling of being unable to work independently and a feeling of being exploited. These strains were predominant in the nursing aides between 32 and 51 years old who had part time jobs but workloads of 80–90 %. Conclusion Middle-aged nursing aides who worked to 80–90 % are particularly at risk to resign from the position prematurely. Measures need to be mainly implemented in the social and organizational areas. It can be assumed that a targeted individual support, recognition and promotion of nursing aides may decrease the level of job strain.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Health Professions
School of Health Professions > Nursing


Ziegler, Anna;
Bernet, Madeleine0000-0001-7069-1079;
Metzenthin, Petra and
Hahn, Sabine0000-0002-2697-2014


R Medicine > RT Nursing




Springer Medizin




Madeleine Bernet

Date Deposited:

06 Apr 2022 10:39

Last Modified:

06 Apr 2022 10:39

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Responsibility · Support · Career choice · Work situation · Questionnaire




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