Cost-Benefit Analysis as a Basis for Risk-Based Rockfall Protection Forest Management

Moos, Christine Anna; Dorren, Luuk (2021). Cost-Benefit Analysis as a Basis for Risk-Based Rockfall Protection Forest Management In: Protective forests as Ecosystem-based solution for Disaster Risk Reduction (ECO-DRR) (pp. 1-12). London: IntechOpen

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Mountain forests fulfill an important protective effect being the reduction of risk due to natural hazards. Knowing the value of this service is required to efficiently allocate financial resources in protection forest and risk management. In this chapter, we evaluate the protective effect of forests against rockfall at local and regional scale using a risk-based approach. We present a method to quantify rockfall risk under current forest conditions for a case study region along the Gotthard highway (Switzerland). Rockfall runout zones and relative requencies were determined based on the energy line principle and occurrence frequencies were estimated based on inventory data. We quantified the protective effect of the current forest using a statistical approach and calculated the potential risk without forest. The risk reduction provided by the forest varies between 23 and 60% or 400 and 4500 CHF/(year.ha−1). In a second step, we evaluated a single protection forest complex calculating its Net Present Value (NPV) for a time frame of 100 years based on the risk reduction and compared it to technical protection measures. The NPV of the current forest is positive, whereas protection measure variants including rockfall nets have a highly negative NPV. The results evidence the efficient riskreduction of rockfall protection forests. The presented methods allow for a differentiated procedure for protection forest planning at local and regional scale. A simple risk approach requiring a manageable data set enables practitioners to prioritize forest management. A more detailed economic analysis of protection forest efficiency finally facilitates the planning of protection forest measures at local scale.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL
School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Multifunctional Forest Management
School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Multifunctional Forest Management > Mountain Forests, Natural Hazards and GIS

Name:

Moos, Christine Anna and
Dorren, Luuk0000-0001-9344-9461

Subjects:

G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
S Agriculture > SD Forestry

Publisher:

IntechOpen

Language:

English

Submitter:

Dr. Christine Moos

Date Deposited:

22 Dec 2021 11:28

Last Modified:

22 Dec 2021 11:28

Uncontrolled Keywords:

protection forest, rockfall, risk analysis, net present, value nature-based solution

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.16181

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/16181

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