Improving Persistence in Red Clover: Insights from QTL Analysis and Comparative Phenotypic Evaluation

Herrmann, Doris; Boller, Beat; Studer, Bruno; Widmer, Franco; Kölliker, Roland (2008). Improving Persistence in Red Clover: Insights from QTL Analysis and Comparative Phenotypic Evaluation Crop Science, 48(1), pp. 269-277. John Wiley & Sons 10.2135/cropsci2007.03.0143

[img] Text
Herrmann_CropSci_2008.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

Cultivars of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) often suffer from low persistence, leading to insufficient legume proportions in pluriannual forage stands. Persistence is a complex trait often negatively correlated with other important traits and its phenotyping is laborious. Consequently, persistence is difficult to improve. The objectives of this study were to optimize the phenotypic evaluation of persistence, to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for this important trait, and to investigate the association of persistence with other important traits. A weighted average of vigor scores assessed during two winters and three growing seasons was identified as the optimal method to phenotype persistence. For this index, one QTL explaining 12.2% of the total phenotypic variation was identified. While there was no negative correlation between persistence and seed yield, persistence was positively correlated with length of stem, which in turn was positively correlated with seed yield. Furthermore, QTLs for persistence, length of stem, and seed yield were detected in the same genome region. Improvement of persistence should therefore be possible without adverse effects on seed yield. Moreover, length of stem may present a candidate character for indirect selection of these two traits. The QTLs and the indirect selection criteria identified in this study may substantially assist future breeding efforts for the improvement of persistence in red clover.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL


Herrmann, Doris0000-0002-1776-9479;
Boller, Beat;
Studer, Bruno;
Widmer, Franco and
Kölliker, Roland


S Agriculture > SB Plant culture




John Wiley & Sons




Doris Herrmann

Date Deposited:

04 Aug 2021 09:00

Last Modified:

29 Oct 2021 02:18

Publisher DOI:





Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Provide Feedback