Investigating the shape stability of moulded phenol-formaldehyde modified beech veneers by means of digital image correlation

Mund, Axel; Munier, Leo Felix; Franke, Tom; Herold, Nadine; Pfriem, Alexander (September 2019). Investigating the shape stability of moulded phenol-formaldehyde modified beech veneers by means of digital image correlation In: 21st International Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation of Wood Symposium (pp. 18-24). Madison, WI: USDA Forest Products Laboratory

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Within the present study, measurements by digital image correlation (DIC) were conducted to determine the effect of phenol-formaldehyde (PF) modification on the shape stability of moulded beech veneers (Fagus sylvatica L.) exposed to changing climatic conditions. For this purpose, thin beech veneers were impregnated with a low (lmwPF), a medium (mmwPF) and a high molecular weight PF (hmwPF). The impregnated veneers were cured for one hour at 140 °C in a moulding form to obtain a shaped veneer with an angle of 90°. Two samples were prepared for each PF type as well as two control samples. During the DIC measurements, the samples were exposed to two different sequential climatic conditions for 46 hours. In the first segment, the samples were conditioned at 90 % relative humidity at a temperature of 20 °C for 23 hours. During the second segment, the samples were exposed for further 23 hours to 70 °C without controlled relative humidity to dry the samples. At the end of the first segment, the DIC measurements of the control samples revealed the greatest changing in angle (109.6°) coincident with the lowest shape stability, followed by the hmwPF samples (ca. 107.2°), the mmwPF samples (100.8°) and the lmwPF samples (97.6°). As a result of the second segment, the samples approach the initial shape of a 90° angle due to drying. Here, the hmwPF samples are closest to the initial shape (90.8°) followed by the lmwPF samples (92.4°), the mmwPF samples 92.6° and the control samples (96.1°).

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Division/Institute:

School of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering
School of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Institute for Materials and Wood Technology
School of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Institute for Materials and Wood Technology > Wood Modification
BFH Centres > BFH Centre for Wood - Resource and Material

Name:

Mund, Axel;
Munier, Leo Felix;
Franke, Tom;
Herold, Nadine and
Pfriem, Alexander

Subjects:

T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TS Manufactures

Publisher:

USDA Forest Products Laboratory

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christelle Ganne-Chédeville

Date Deposited:

03 May 2021 14:38

Last Modified:

03 May 2021 14:38

Uncontrolled Keywords:

DIC phenol-formaldehyde shape stability veneer moulding wood modification

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.14723

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/14723

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