Performance measures for road managers facing diverse environments

Richmond, Craig M.; Kielhauser, Clemens; Adey, Bryan T. (2016). Performance measures for road managers facing diverse environments Benchmarking, 23(7), pp. 1876-1891. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd. 10.1108/BIJ-01-2015-0005

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Purpose: A key difficulty that plagues benchmarking in the public sector is heterogeneity in the production process. The purpose of this paper is to present a strategy for overcoming that difficulty using physical production models and demonstrate it using road renewal management as an example. Design/methodology/approach: A physical production model is used to linking required prices, inputs and exposures to environmental factors to the desired services to be delivered. A measure is derived from this that adjusts for the additional expected costs from operating in a more difficult environments. A case study is used to present methods for addressing specific parameterization issues that arise in an empirical application. Findings: The method was found to be implementable and empirically better than naïve ratio measures commonly found in practice. Research limitations/implications: Data and modeling issues were identified that can be addressed by public supervisors that are expected to greatly improve the quality of the measures. Social implications: According to the raw data and simple ratios, a very large degree of inefficiency can potentially be eliminated by applying the recommended measures. In all likelihood the real potential is much smaller, but still significant. Originality/value: Most applied benchmarking exercises use simple ratios as KPI’s. These are easily dismissed where environments are heterogeneous. Data envelopment analysis and stochastic frontier analysis are generally difficult to relate to KPI’s. The use of an explicit and specific process model with an engineering content is therefore exceptional.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering
School of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Institute for Urban Development and Infrastructure
School of Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering > Institute for Urban Development and Infrastructure > Transport Infrastructure


Richmond, Craig M.;
Kielhauser, Clemens0000-0003-1385-9909 and
Adey, Bryan T.


T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)


Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.




Clemens Kielhauser

Date Deposited:

11 Aug 2021 08:58

Last Modified:

11 Aug 2021 08:58

Publisher DOI:


Additional Information:

Date: 2016

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Benchmarking Highway maintenance KPI Performance measurement Renewal




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