Biological Maturity Status in Elite Youth Soccer Players: A Comparison of Pragmatic Diagnostics With Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Leyhr, Daniel; Murr, Dennis; Basten, Lajos; Eichler, Katrin; Hauser, Thomas; Lüdin, Dennis; Romann, Michael; Sardo, Giuseppe; Höner, Oliver (2020). Biological Maturity Status in Elite Youth Soccer Players: A Comparison of Pragmatic Diagnostics With Magnetic Resonance Imaging Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 2, p. 587861. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fspor.2020.587861

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The influence of biological maturity status (BMS) on talent identification and development within elite youth soccer is critically debated. During adolescence, maturity-related performance differences within the same age group may cause greater chances of being selected for early maturing players. Therefore, coaches need to consider players' BMS. While standard methods for assessing BMS in adolescents are expensive and time-consuming imaging techniques (i.e., X-ray and MRI), there also exist more pragmatic procedures. This study aimed to evaluate commonly used methods to assess BMS within a highly selected sample of youth soccer players. A total of N = 63 elite male soccer players (U12 and U14) within the German Soccer Association's talent promotion program completed a test battery assessing BMS outcomes. Utilizing MRI diagnostics, players' skeletal age (SAMRI) was determined by radiologists and served as the reference method. Further commonly used methods included skeletal age measured by an ultrasound device (SAUS), the maturity offset (MOMIR), and the percentage of adult height (PAHKR). The relation of these alternative BMS outcomes to SAMRI was examined using different perspectives: performing bivariate correlation analyses (1), modeling BMS as a latent variable (BMSlat) based on the multiple alternative diagnostics (2), and investigating individual differences in agreement (3). (1) Correlations of SAMRI and the further BMS variables ranked from r = 0.80 to r = 0.84 for the total sample and were lower for U12 (0.56 ≤ r ≤ 0.66), and U14 (0.61 ≤ r ≤ 0.74) (2). The latent structural equation modeling (SEM) (R 2 = 51%) revealed a significant influence on BMSlat for MOMIR (β = 0.51, p <0.05). The additional contribution of PAHKR (β = 0.27, p = 0.06) and SAUS (β = -0.03, p = 0.90) was rather small (3). The investigation of individual differences between the reference method and alternative diagnostics indicated a significant bias for MOMIR (p <0.01). The results support the use of economical and time-efficient methods for assessing BMS within elite youth soccer. Bivariate correlation analyses as well as the multivariate latent variable approach highlight the measures' usefulness. However, the observed individual level differences for some of the utilized procedures led to the recommendation for practitioners to use at least two alternative assessment methods in order to receive more reliable information about players' BMS within the talent promotion process.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Swiss Federal Institute of Sports Magglingen SFISM > EHSM - Leistungssport > Trainingswissenschaft

Name:

Leyhr, Daniel;
Murr, Dennis;
Basten, Lajos;
Eichler, Katrin;
Hauser, Thomas;
Lüdin, Dennis;
Romann, Michael0000-0003-4139-2955;
Sardo, Giuseppe and
Höner, Oliver

ISSN:

2624-9367

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Admin import user

Date Deposited:

16 Mar 2021 14:52

Last Modified:

21 Sep 2021 02:18

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fspor.2020.587861

PubMed ID:

33345157

Uncontrolled Keywords:

MRI Biological maturation Talent development Talent identification Youth football Relative age effect

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.14421

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/14421

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