Daily and meal-based assessment of dairy and corresponding protein intake in Switzerland: results from the National Nutrition Survey menuCH

Inanir, Dilara; Kaelin, Ivo; Pestoni, Giulia; Fäh, David; Mueller, Nadina; Rohrmann, Sabine; Sych Janice, Janice (2020). Daily and meal-based assessment of dairy and corresponding protein intake in Switzerland: results from the National Nutrition Survey menuCH European Journal of Nutrition, 60(4), pp. 2099-2109. Springer Medizin 10.1007/s00394-020-02399-7

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Purpose: Dairy contributes to daily protein and provides important minerals and vitamins. Using data of the National Nutrition Survey in Switzerland (menuCH), we aimed to describe intakes of dairy and its subcategories, to compare daily and per-meal dairy protein with total protein intake, and to investigate associations between energy-standardized dairy intake and sociodemographic, lifestyle and anthropometric factors. Methods: From two 24-h dietary recalls, anthropometric measurements, and a lifestyle questionnaire from a representative sample (n = 2057, 18-75 years), we calculated daily and energy-standardized means and standard error of the means for dairy, its subcategories (milk, yoghurt and cheese), and compared daily and per-meal dairy protein with total protein intake. Associations were investigated between dairy intake (g/1000 kcal) and sociodemographic, lifestyle and anthropometric factors by multivariable linear regression. Results: Dairy intake provided 16.3 g/day protein with cheese contributing highest amounts (9.9 g/day). Dairy protein intake was highest at dinner (6.3 g/day) followed by breakfast, lunch and snacks (4.3, 3.3 and 2.4 g/day, respectively). Per meal, total protein reached the amounts suggested for improving protein synthesis only at dinner and lunch (33.1 and 28.3 g/day, respectively). Energy-standardized dairy intake was 20.7 g/1000 kcal higher for women than men (95% CI 13.2; 28.1), 24.3 g/1000 kcal lower in the French than German-speaking region (95% CI - 32.4; - 16.1), and also significantly associated with nationality, household type and smoking status. Conclusion: This first description of dairy consumption is an important basis for developing meal-specific recommendations, aimed to optimize dairy and protein intake especially for older adults.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

Health Professions
Health Professions > Nutrition and Dietetics

Name:

Inanir, Dilara;
Kaelin, Ivo;
Pestoni, Giulia;
Fäh, David;
Mueller, Nadina;
Rohrmann, Sabine and
Sych Janice, Janice

Subjects:

R Medicine > R Medicine (General)

ISSN:

1436-6207

Publisher:

Springer Medizin

Language:

English

Submitter:

David Fäh

Date Deposited:

09 Dec 2020 10:29

Last Modified:

23 May 2021 01:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00394-020-02399-7

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.13672

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/13672

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