Activation patterns of pelvic floor muscles in women with incontinence while running: a randomized controlled trial.

König, Irene; Eichelberger, Patric; Luginbühl, Helena; Kuhn, Annette; Lehmann, Corinne; Taeymans, Jan; Radlinger, Lorenz (2020). Activation patterns of pelvic floor muscles in women with incontinence while running: a randomized controlled trial. International urogynecology journal, 32(2), pp. 335-343. Springer 10.1007/s00192-020-04334-0

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INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS Running is known to cause urinary leakage in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Task-specific fiber-type recruitment while running can be estimated using wavelets. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a new physiotherapy program including involuntary, reflexive training with a standard physiotherapy program on pelvic floor muscle (PFM) activation patterns and fiber-type recruitment behavior while running. METHODS In this triple-blinded randomized controlled trial, women with SUI were randomly allocated to the control group (CON), which performed a standard physiotherapy program, or the experimental group (EXP), which received additional involuntary, reflexive training. PFM electromyography (EMG) was recorded during 10 s at three running speeds and analyzed using Morse wavelets. The relative distribution of power (%) over the frequencies from 20 to 200 Hz was extracted and analyzed within six-time intervals of 30 ms. Statistical nonparametric mapping was performed to identify power spectra differences. RESULTS Thirty-nine (CON) and 38 (EXP) women were included. The power spectra showed no statistically significant group differences. The time intervals from 30 ms before to 30 ms after initial contact showed significantly lower intensities than the intervals from 30 to 150 ms after initial contact in the lowest and higher intensities in the highest frequencies for all running speeds and both groups. CONCLUSIONS Power spectra shifts toward higher frequency bands in the pre-initial contact phase could indicate a feed-forward anticipation and a muscle tuning for the expected impact of initial contact event in order to maintain continence.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


School of Health Professions
School of Health Professions > Physiotherapy > Pelvic Floor Health


König, Irene0000-0002-6032-0255;
Eichelberger, Patric0000-0003-2223-6113;
Luginbühl, Helena0000-0002-9865-7144;
Kuhn, Annette;
Lehmann, Corinne;
Taeymans, Jan and
Radlinger, Lorenz0000-0002-0326-6264








Lorenz Radlinger

Date Deposited:

25 Nov 2020 16:04

Last Modified:

31 Jan 2021 01:33

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Uncontrolled Keywords:

Electromyography Urinary stress incontinence Wavelet analysis




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