Habitat selection of an old--growth forest specialist in managed forests

Ettwein, A.; Korner, P.; Lanz, M.; Lachat, Thibault; Kokko, H.; Pasinelli, G. (2020). Habitat selection of an old--growth forest specialist in managed forests Animal Conservation, 23(5), pp. 547-560. The Zoological Society of London 10.1111/acv.12567

[img] Text
acv.12567.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (597kB) | Request a copy

Old‐growth forest specialists are among the species most affected by commercial forestry. However, it is often unclear whether such species can persist and what their habitat needs are in managed forests. We investigated habitat selection of one such old‐growth forest specialist, the white‐backed woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos, a species highly dependent on dead wood and typically found in primeval forests. Our aim was to understand factors affecting occupancy probability in managed forests in Central Europe, based on detection/non‐detection data in 62 squares of 1 km2 in 2015 and 2016. We used occupancy models to compare a priori expectations about the relationships between occupancy and habitat characteristics at two spatial scales while accounting for imperfect detection. Occupancy was best explained by a proxy for food availability at a large (1 km2) scale and increased with the abundance of emergence holes produced by saproxylic beetles on standing and lying dead wood. Furthermore, occupancy was positively related to the mean diameter at breast height of live trees and standing dead wood at a small scale (0.25 km2 with high amounts of dead wood). Detection probability was negatively related to time of day, date and number of accessible survey points, and positively related to the number of observers. Our results demonstrate that detailed knowledge about a species’ foraging ecology is important for its effective conservation as surrogate criteria such as dead wood availability might not reflect the key factors required. For white‐backed woodpeckers, it is important that the available dead wood is sufficiently colonized by saproxylic beetles, and for the conservation of the species, the habitat requirements of saproxylic beetles thus have to be taken into account as well.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL
School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Multifunctional forest management
School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL > Multifunctional forest management > Forest Ecosystem and Management

Name:

Ettwein, A.;
Korner, P.;
Lanz, M.;
Lachat, Thibault0000-0003-3952-7443;
Kokko, H. and
Pasinelli, G.

Subjects:

Q Science > QL Zoology
S Agriculture > SD Forestry

ISSN:

13679430

Publisher:

The Zoological Society of London

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thibault Lachat

Date Deposited:

03 Nov 2020 14:52

Last Modified:

03 Nov 2020 14:52

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/acv.12567

Uncontrolled Keywords:

occupancy modeling; habitat selection; white-backed woodpecker; Dendrocopos leucotos; habitat specialist; forest management; old-growth forests; primeval forests

ARBOR DOI:

10.24451/arbor.13185

URI:

https://arbor.bfh.ch/id/eprint/13185

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Provide Feedback